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Heraldic Submissions Page

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Atenveldt Submissions (excerpted from the S.C.A. College of Arms' Letters of Acceptance and Return)

The following submissions have been registered by the S.C.A. College of Arms, September 2007:

Ancarat merch Ouein. Name change from holding name Angharad of Tir Ysgithr.

Submitted as Angharad Ewan, the submitter requested an authentic 10th C name. As submitted, the name combines Welsh and Scots. While there are Welsh equivalents of the name Ewan, we know of no Scots equivalents for Angharad. To make this name authentic, then, it needs to be a fully Welsh form. Harpy notes the spelling acgarat in a 10th C charter from the Book of Llandav, and a Latin genitive form hancarate in the Book of Chad dated between the 8th and 10th C. From this, she derives a likely nominative ancarat. On the byname, she notes:

The Book of Llandav provides a nice selection, showing the range of spelling variation that the name enjoyed at the time. The following are examples from 8-11th c. charters in this collection:

Euguen (p.205) 708 Yuein (p.236) 885

Eugein (p.223) 940 Iguein (p.241) 970

Ouein (pp.246, 252) 1005-1020 Huweyn (p.248) 1020

At least in these examples, there seems to be a clear shift in spelling ca. 1000 with earlier "-g(u)-" giving way to later "-u/w-". The pre-1000 spellings also have a strong concensus on ending in "-ein". There's less concensus on the opening, with "Eu-" being the only repeated spelling, however it is also the spelling that best reflects the name's linguistic derivation, which may be a reason for moving it to the top of the recommendations. Focusing specifically on the 10th century charters, then we can suggest "Eugein" as preferred, but "Iguein" as also attested. The 10th c. Harleian MS 3859 (as published in Bartrum EWGT), on the other hand, uses "Eugein" for names of mentioned individuals who lived prior to the 8th century, but uses "Ouein" or "Ouen" for individuals dating more closely to the 10th century composition date. So the recommendation can be revised further to offering either a slightly more archaic "Eugein" or a slightly more innovative "Ouein" (with other less prototypical spellings also occurring).

In addition, we have no examples of unmarked patronymics in 10th C Welsh names, so a patronymic marker needs to be added here. We have changed the name to Ancarat merch Ouein to fulfill her request for an authentic 10th C name. This was originally pended on the February 2007 LoAR; at that time, her device was registered under the holding name Angharad of Tir Ysgithr.

Bellina Morgan. Name and device. Sable, on a bend cotised between two death's heads argent, a rose proper, slipped and leaved vert.

Submitted as Bellana Morgan, the given name was a proposed variant of the Italian name Bellina. Bellina is found in Arval Benicoeur, "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427," ( No documentation was submitted and none found to suggest that the submitted form is a reasonable spelling variant of the documented name. We have changed the name to Bellina Morgan to match the documentation. This name mixes Italian and English; this is one step from period practice. The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of Merrick Dowling, Sable, a bend cotised between two death's heads argent.

We note that the emblazon in OSCAR appears somewhat different than the emblazon sent to Laurel. Comparing the outlines, this difference appears to be due to computer coloring the emblazon rather than scanning the emblazon. At this time we are not generally returning armory for such coloring mismatches, but it may be grounds for return on a case by case basis. We also note that Laurel policy may change in the future to make such recolorings returnable. We strongly urge submission heralds to simply scan a color copy of the emblazon and use that in OSCAR.

Bláth inghean Uí Laoghaire. Name.

Çynara del Mar. Name change from holding name Çynara of Twin Moons.

Daibhídh mac Dubhghaill of Glasgow. Name and device. Quarterly argent and azure, a tower and in chief two roundels, all counterchanged.

This name mixes Gaelic and Scots; this is one step from period practice.

Merrick Dowling. Heraldic will.

Steven of Shadowkeep. Reblazon of device. Vert, a bald eagle striking contourny proper fimbriated, in chief a sun in glory Or.

Originally registered in April 1973 with the blazon Vert, a bald eagle [Haliaetus leucocephalus] attacking to the sinister proper, fimbriated Or, in chief a sun in glory, the tincture of the sun was not clear. As attacking is not a defined heraldic posture, the eagle's posture has been reblazoned. In accordance with current SCA blazon practice, we have dropped the Linnaean specification.

Thomas DeGuy Bassard. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a vulture close sable perched atop a covered tankard azure charged with a compass star of sixteen points argent.

Viola verch Howell. Device. Per fess purpure and argent, a rabbit courant contourny ermine and a dandelion plant vert, blossomed Or.

William Malcolmesson of Berwickshire. Name (see RETURNS for device).

The following submissions were returned for further work, September 2007:

Aurelia Chrysanthina Dalassene. Device change. Per chevron argent and purpure, two roses purpure, barbed and seeded proper, and a dromon contourny argent, a bordure sable semy of Maltese crosses argent.

This device is returned as no documentation was sent to Laurel for a dromon, though such documentation was mentioned in the LoI. The ship in the emblazon does not match either of the pictures on the cited web pages; the ship is supposed to have two sails and a catapult - not the three sails most of the commenters saw. As Metron Ariston noted "... it is not clear to me from the provided documentation that there is a clearly definable and reproducible form of dromon and that this particular depiction matches that, if there is. For one thing, at least in the later Byzantine period when the multiple masts such as those seen here became common, lateen sails also became common and the main sail here appears to be a more standard sail than that seen in the reproduction of a depiction from circa 850 at"

Please advise the submitter that the complexity count of nine (five tinctures - argent, purpure, vert, Or, and sable - and four types charges - roses, dromon, bordure, and Maltese crosses) is potentially cause for return by itself. On resubmission we recommend that she reduce the complexity count to eight or lower.

Julianna Wilkins. Device. Argent, a tree eradicated proper, in chief an owl striking affronty gules, all within a bordure per saltire vert and purpure.

This device is returned as the emblazon in OSCAR does not match the emblazon sent to Laurel: the owl's legs are drawn significantly different in the two emblazons. This device is also returned for having a bird striking affronty, a posture that is not allowed. We have no examples of this posture in period heraldry and it is inherently three-dimensional in nature. In this emblazon, the feet are not on either side of the body (as for displayed), but under the tail, which is spread. The body is foreshortened and the wings curved to "catch" the air. This is not displayed; it is striking affronty, and must therefore be returned for redraw. Please advise the submitter that a bird displayed, other than an eagle, is a step from period practice. Blazoned on the LoI as a linden tree, it does not appear to be a heraldic linden tree: a heraldic linden tree has heart-shaped leaves. Blazoned on the LoI as two primary charges, this is actually a primary charge and a secondary charge: the tree is the sole primary charge as it crosses the center line of the shield.

William Malcolmesson of Berwickshire. Device. Sable, in pale a unicorn's head contourny couped argent and a shackle, its chain to dexter and broken, Or.

This device is returned as the emblazon in OSCAR does not match the emblazon sent to Laurel: the unicorn's head has been moved.

If this device had not been returned for administrative reasons, it would have been returned for conflict with the badge of Kathryn Fitzroy of Bath, Sable, a unicorn's head couped reversed argent, entwined about the alicorne a serpent, head to sinister, gules. There is a CD for adding the shackle, but nothing for removing the serpent, which is equivalent to a maintained charge. The lower charge was blazoned on the LoI simply as a collar, which by default implies a horse's collar. We have blazoned it as a shackle to ensure its reproducibility. Please advise the submitter not to use orange (or at least not so much) for shading. While shading is generally acceptable and assists in recognition of the charge, the shading used here has too much orange in it to be registered.

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