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Kingdom of Atenveldt
Heraldic Submissions Page

(administered by the Brickbat Herald)


Unto Their Royal Majesties Arthur and Gabriela; Master Seamus, Aten Principal Herald; the Heralds in the Atenveldt College of Heralds; and to All Whom These Presents Come,

Greetings from Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy, Brickbat Herald and Parhelium Herald for the Kingdom of Atenveldt!

This is the September 2011 Atenveldt Letter of Presentation. It precedes the external Letter of Intent that will contain the following submissions that are presented here, asking questions of submitters and local heralds who have worked with them; if these questions are not addressed, the submission may be returned by the Atenveldt College of Heralds. Where there any submissions this month, know that I accept online commentary, in addition to questions pertaining to heraldry and consultation. You can send commentary to me privately at or join “Atenveldt Submissions Commentary” at Yahoo! Groups ( ) and post there. (Commentary is often posted in the next month's Letter of Presentation so that all may learn from it, and we can see how additional documentation or comments may have influenced a submission. Please don't be shy!)

Please have commentary to me for the submissions under consideration for the September 2011 Atenveldt Letter of Intent by 15 September 2011. Thanks!

Heraldry Hut: The next Heraldry Hut will be held Friday, 16 September. For more information, directions, etc., please contact me at your convenience ( ).

Speaking of submissions: I accept direct-to-Kingdom submissions from heraldic clients; this might not be the most favorable route to take, particularly if a group has a territorial herald, and everyone can stay more in the “submission loop” if a submission is made in this fashion. However, in some cases, this is the only reasonable and timely way for a submission to be made. Local heralds need to send submissions on in a timely manner as well (i.e., within one month of receiving a submissions packet). If you cannot connect with me at an event (very likely) or attend Heraldry Hut, submissions need to be mailed within one month (yes, that's important!) of a local herald receiving them, unless there is a reason for return at the local level. My address: Linda Miku, 2527 E. 3rd Street, Tucson AZ 85716.

Kingdom A&S Consultation Table: There will be a Kingdom level Consultation Table at Kingdom Arts and Sciences in Tir Ysgithr, Saturday, 1 October. If you have clients who need additional consultation, if you'd like to hang wit' da heralds, or if you or other folks have status questions, etc., please drop by!

Submissions Website: You can send electronic commentary on the most recent internal LoIs through the site, in addition to any questions you might have. Current submission forms (the ONLY forms that can be used) can be found on the site. Please let your local populace know about the site, too:

College of Arms Results: The Atenveldt portion for the S.C.A. College of Arms June 2011 Letter of Acceptance and Returns (which includes most of the submissions from Estrella 2011) is found at the end of this report.

Please consider the following submissions for the September 2011 Atenveldt Letter of Intent:

Arianwen ferch Arthur (Tir Ysgithr): NEW HOUSEHOLD NAME, Teulu Caer Mab, and NEW BADGE

Per pale argent and azure, a lozenge counterchanged.

The primary name was registered June 2001.

Teulu, “warband” was registered as an element of a household name to Giovanni Fontananera (as Teulu Ffynnon Dhu), October 1993. Caer Mab follows the pattern a place name incorporating a personal name, as discussed and demonstrated in “Period Welsh Models for SCA Households and the Nomenclature Thereof,” Heather Rose Jones ( ); this is found in the section “Other Names Incorporating Personal Names.” The example Caer-einion translates to “Einion's Castle.” The client cites Mab as the name of a mythic entity, so I'm guessing that the name refers to a warband from/of Mab's Castle. I don't know if claiming to be a mythic individual's vassal is presumptuous, or if this would've been done in a Welsh household construction; no Mab-associated name is found in the list in the article cited. The client will not accept Major or Minor changes to the name.

It is unclear if the badge is to be associated with the household (there is nothing mentioned on the badge submission form), but I assume it is. I'd also tend to expand the blazon: Per pale argent and azure, a lozenge throughout palewise counterchanged.

Asher Tye (Barony of Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per pale sable and Or, a tree eradicated and a chief all counterchanged.

Asher is a male Biblical name: “And Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher.” (Genesis 30:13). Tye is an English surname found in Reaney and Wilson, 3rd edition, p. 460, s.n. Tye; de la Tye is dated to 1230 and ater Tye to 1296. The client is most interested in the meaning of the name (none given), although it is noted that the spelling Asher or Ashr is most important. He will not accept Major changes to the name, but he allows adding/deleting a word like “de” or “the” or changing language when the change is small.

Consider Rycharde de Northwode, Per pale sable and Or, a fir tree couped counterchanged. I'd count 1 CD for the difference in tree types and 1 CD for addition of the chief.

Caoilfhionn ingen ui Máel-ruanaid (Mons Tonitrus): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, a wood-handled half-moon knife proper and a chief engrailed azure.

The name is Irish Gaelic. Caoilfhionn is found in as a feminine given name found after 1200; prior to that, it was likely Cáelainn. There is a saint by this latter name in O Corrain and Maguire, p. 41 s.n. Cáelfind, Cáelainn. The nominative form of the patronym is Máel Ruanaid / Maol Ruanaidh and is found in “Index of Names in Irish Annals: Máel Ruanaid / Maol Ruanaidh,” Mari Elspeth nic Bryan ( ).; the Early Modern Irish Gaelic form is Maol Ruanaidh/Maoil Ruanaidh. It is found in the form Máel-ruanaid in “100 Most popular Mens' Names in Early Medieval Ireland,” Heather Rose Jones ( ). The clan construction is usually inghean Uí according to Krossa. The client desires a female name, and is most interested in the language/culture of 9th-10th C Ireland; she will not accept Major changes to the name. I think, with that being the period of Middle Irish Gaelic, that the name might be a little more accurate as Cáelainn inghean Uí Máel Ruanaid, but I'm really running late on posting this, so I make no guarantees...

Honour Grenehart (Granholme): BADGE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, July 2011

Argent, on a chief embattled sable four mullets Or.

The name was registered January 1999.

The original submission, Argent on a chief embattled sable three mullets Or., was returned for conflict with Jean Amy, registered February 2008, Or, on a chief embattled sable three mullets argent. There is 1 CD for the difference in field tinctures, but there aren't two cumulative differences in the tertiaries on the chief to provide the second CD (types, number and orientation are identical; the only difference is in tincture). Changing the number of mullets now provided two cumulative changes to the tertiary groups (four Or vs. three argent), which creates the second CD.

Margerita da Ferrara (Mons Tonitrus) NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a sun and on a chief Or a grape vine vert fructed purpure.

The name is Italian. The given name differs in spelling on the name and device form (Margerita vs. Margherita). It seems that the two documentable forms of the name are Margherita and Margarita, so she might want to go with Margherita. Plus! The spelling Margherita is noted in the article used following ( ). Da Ferrara, “of Ferrara,” is a locative surname found in “Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names,” Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek ( ); Ferrara is about 50 miles southwest of Venice. The client desires a female name and is most interested in the language/culture of the name (Italian). She will not accept Major changes to the name.

Reinhardt Konrad von Rothenburg (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, a scorpion inverted gules.

The name is German. Reindhardt and Konrad (used here as an unmarked patronym) are found in Medieval German Given Names from Silesia: Men's Names,” Talan Gwynek ( ). The spelling Reinhard is dated to 1316. The spelling of Conrad is dated 1288 through 1455, although an alternate spelling does use K- as Kinczel (1357), Kunrat (1298) and others, so the unattested spelling as Konrad should be acceptable. The spelling Konrad is cited 67 times during 1451-1500 and 121 times during 1501-1550, found in “Late Period German Masculine Given Names,” Talan Gwynek ( ). Further, “German Names from Nürnberg, 1497,” Aryanhwy merch Catmael ( has the surname Conrat listed twice. Reinhardt demonstrated as byname five times, along with several given names ending in -hardt. Rothenburg castle was built in 1070, and the associated town was built in 1170; it was one of the largest cities in Germany during the medieval period ( ). The client desires a male name, is most interested in the sound of the name, and will not accept Major changes to the name.

Rose Ella Duvanovicha doch' Sychevna (Brymstone): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, December 2010

Per pale argent and sable, two harpies close addorsed counterchanged.

The name was registered April 2010.

The original submission, Per pale argent and sable, two harpies close addorsed counterchanged., was returned because, from any distance, the charges are not recognizable as harpies. “Most commenters thought they were hawks, at least one thought they appeared to be parrots. This is a violation of section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions, which requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Period heraldic depictions of harpies close showed them guardant, often with flowing tresses; both of these would aid in identifying the charges. The submitter might consider such a depiction upon resubmission.” The client has added the flowing hair, given the monsters a more human profile (the previous ones had a more aquiline nose), and enhanced the breasts to better demonstrate the human portion of the monsters. She is aware that the monster will likely have to be all sable to avoid contrast violations with the field.

Rose Ella Duvanovicha doch' Sychevna: NEW BADGE

Per fess vert and Or, three trees couped in fess Or, and an owl proper.

Since owls come in many flavors, species needs to be mentioned here. The Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) is and Old World (range throughout Europe and Asia) species one of the largest of owls and looks similar to the North American great horned owl, with brown coloration, feathers that make up its “ears” or “horns.” This fellow's head might be turned a little more to the viewer to make it truly the default gardant of owls.

A proper European eagle owl was registered as recently as October 2007 to Michael Maggotslayer, Azure, a European eagle owl displayed proper maintaining in its feet a lightning flash bendwise sinister Or. (I'm hoping that this isn't a reblazon from a much earlier registration.)

Rose Ella Duvanovicha doch' Sychevna: NEW BADGE

Per fess argent and azure, three trees blasted and couped in fess sable, and an owl contourny argent.

I'm tempted to call this a barn owl proper, as it is pretty much identifiable as a barn owl (Tyto alba), with its “moon face.”

Varga János (Twin Moons) : DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, September 2010

Azure, a wolf sejant erect affronty argent maintaining in his dexter paw a lantern Or and sustaining in his sinister paw a spear Or, tipped sable, upon a trimount vert.

The name was registered December 2010.

The original submission, Azure, a wolf sejant erect affronty argent maintaining in his dexter paw a lantern Or and sustaining in his sinister paw a spear Or, tipped sable, upon a trimount vert., was returned for conflict with Wolfangus MhicMarighdhin, Azure, a wolf sejant erect affronty, forepaws spread in fess, argent, maintaining a basket-hilted broadsword and a targe Or. “There is 1 CD for the addition of the mount. There are no CDs given for maintained charges.” The original submission had a spear that was considered small enough to be maintained, rather than sustained (the spearhead was shorter than the tips of the wolf's ears). The resubmission has had the spear redrawn so that it could be considered truly sustained now. As a result, there is 1 CD for the addition of the mount and 1 CD for the addition of the spear, a co-primary with the wolf.

The following submissions appear in the August 2011 Atenveldt Letter of Intent:

This month's commentators are Aryanhwy merch Catmeal [AmC], Helena de Argentoune [HdA], Jeanne Marie Lecroix [JML] and Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy [MMM].

Allesia de Canaberiis (Granite Mountain): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per chevron inverted gules and or, and edelweiss argent seeded Or, a domino mask and an otter statant contourny sable.

Great name! No conflicts found. [AmC]

Austrechild von Mondsee (Mons Tonitrus): release of household name Weoxstanes Fyrd and Household Badge

The personal name was registered December 1992. She writes to release the household name registered to her, Weoxstanes Fyrd, and the associated badge, (Fieldless) On a goute de larmes a broken sword proper., both registered January 1995.

Cassandra Attewoode (Tir Ysgithr): NEW ALTERNATE NAME, Lylie Snape

The primary persona name was registered November 2003.

The name is English. Lylie is a given name dated to 1296 as a form of Elizabeth in “Feminine Given Names in
A Dictionary of English Surnames: Elizabeth,” Talan Gwynek ( ); the client wished to register Lily, but that appears to be a non-period feminine name, and she's chosen this as an alternative which is fairly close. Snape is found in A Dictionary of English Surnames, Reaney and Wilson, 3rd edition, p. 416. There is a Roger Snape dated to 1525; the client wishes this form of the surname, without any prepositions. She desires a female name.

Cwenhild Sæweardsdother (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Sable, a sealion Or, in chief two mullets of four points argent and in base a ford.

<Cwenhild> need not be constructed; it is a real OE name that gave rise to the ME name <Quenild>. R&W s.n. Quenell mention a DB nun named <Cvenild>. <Cwenhild> is the standardized OE form. The header in R&W for the byname is <Seward>. <Sæweard> is *not* given as a variant of <Seward>; it is listed as the OE root of the ME name [in R&W, there is a long mark over the æ ligature--MMM]. The patronym is not correctly form; the genitive of <Sæward> would be <Sæwardes>, not <Sæwards>, and the OE word for 'daughter' is <dohtor> or <dohter>, not <dother> (Marta says that was a typo.) Correct to <Sæwardesdohtor>, the byname seems reasonable. [AmC]

The blazon needs to specify that the ford is proper. No conflicts found with the arms.[AmC]

Donndubán O'Domnaill (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME

Elysant d'Antioch (Mons Tonitrus): NEW NAME

The name is French. Elysant is a feminine name dated to 1190 in Academy of Saint Gabriel report 3009 (

). d'Antioch is a locative, “of Antioch,” found in “French Names from Two Thirteenth Century Chronicles: Place Names Used in Locative Surnames,” Arval Benicoeur ( ). The client desires a female name and is most interested in the language/culture of the name (that of the Crusader states of 12th C. France).

Finola Elizabeth Sutherland (Mons Tonitrus): NEW NAME CHANGE from Brianna Elizabeth Sutherland

The current name was registered February 1997. The client desires to change the first given name and to retain the original name as an alternate if the new name change is registered. Finola is dated to 1585 with this spelling, in “Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents: Women's Names,” Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada ( ); Elizabeth, with this spelling, is found 36 times in the same source. Sutherland is dated to 1441 as a locative (Reaney and Wilson, 3rd edition, p. 436 s.n. Sutherland). The client desire s female and and is most interested in the sound of the name. She will not accept Major changes to the name.

Kauko Karvulakki (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per chevron azure and vert, two double-bitted axes set chevronwise and a bear passant argent.

Reblazon: "Per chevron azure and vert, two double-bitted axes in chevron and a bear passant argent." Clear of Wolfger Silberbär (reg. 01/1997 via the Middle), "Per chevron azure and purpure, three bears rampant argent," with a CD for the field and one for the type of primaries. [AmC]

Laura O'Nolloghaine (Granite Mountain): NEW DEVICE: Quarterly gules and sable, a cross throughout argent between two lions in bend and two crosses formy in bend sinister Or.

That's a "fillet cross" -- I thought there was a recent precedent discussing the registerability of these, but I can't find it. In any case, the point is moot, as the arms are marshalling and cannot be registered, regardless of how wide the cross is drawn. [AmC]

Upon further consultation with the client, rotating the design into a per saltire division of the field resolves the marshalling issue and doesn't appear to create any new conflicts. It will appear in the August LoI as Per saltire sable and gules, a saltire argent between in pale two crosses formy and in fess two lions rampant Or. [MMM]

LoysLeFevre (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per fess nebuly argent and vert, a pale counterchanged, three fleurs-de-lys gules and three falcons one and two argent.

I also haven't been able to find any record of this submission. [AmC]

No information on the client's name was found, even in his original kingdom of submission, and so we have to treat this as a new name submission. The client was assisted with elements of his name in Academy of Saint Gabriel Repot 2599 ( ). The name is French. Loys is a masculine given name dated in the early 15th C. in “French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438,” Aryanhwy merch Catmael ( ). Le Fevre is dated to the same period as a surname in the same source. (The client has submitted this as LeFevre.) [MMM]

Owen le Maillier (Wealhhnutu): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, July 2007: Per fess gules and Or, six gouts three and three, those in base inverted, counterchanged.

The name was registered July 2007.

The original submission, Per fess gules and Or, six gouts three and three, those in base inverted, counterchanged., was returned as the emblazon in OSCAR did not match the form sent to Laurel: the style of the gouttes differed.

Philipp von Eisenberg (Mons Tonitrus): NEW HOUSEHOLD NAME, Company of Flame and Cauldron, and BADGE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, July 2011: Argent, a cauldron sable charged with three chevronels braced argent and maintaining flames gules, a bordure sable.

The primary name was registered April 2005.

The name pattern of <object> + <object> for an inn sign (such as “Hand and Plow” and “Rose and Crowne”) is found in “Comparison of Inn/Shop/House names found London 1473-1600 with those found in the ten shires surrounding London in 1636,” Margaret Makafee ( ), which include such items as cups, harrows, crosses and anchors.

In the August 2005 LoAR Cover Letter, it was determined that “Orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges.”. Both the flame (seen in the arms of Hooper, c.1550, ibid.) and the cauldron are standard heraldic charges, and are found both in period armorial devices and in SCA armories. These spellings are dated to 1563 and 1535, respectively, in the COED.

The previous badge submission, Argent, in pale cauldron sable maintaining flames gules and three chevronels braced, a bordure sable., was returned for violating the following precedent: In this submission the chevron inverted and the tree can only be interpreted as co-primary charges, as they are of approximately equal visual weight and neither occupies the center of the shield. This combination of ordinary with non-ordinary charge in a single charge group produces an unbalanced design. Without period evidence for such a design, it is not registerable. [Issobell nic Gilbert, April 2005, R-Caid] Using the chevronels as tertiary charges eliminates the necessity for having them being the sole primary charge on the badge design.

Philomena Scrima (Granite Mountain): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per chevron purpure and sable, three dragonflies in pall tails to center, a bordure wavy argent.

Rhona Carmyllie (Barony of Atenveldt): NAME and DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, June 2011: Sable, on an olive tree Or an owl contourny purpure and on a chief Or three horses' heads couped sable.

This submission for clarification of the name, as we were unable to find period proof of Rhona as a given name. Roana is a feminine given name dated to 1212 in “Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames,” Talan Gywnek ( ). The client has been consulted and is very amenable to having this name registered if Rhona can't be demonstrated as a period name. [MMM]

The following submissions were returned by the Atenveldt College of Heralds for further work, August 2011:

Allesia de Canaberiis: NEW DEVICE: Per chevron inverted gules and or, and edelweiss argent seeded Or, a domino mask and an otter statant contourny sable.

The use of a divided field creates three dissimilar charges in the same charge group: here the edelweiss, the mask and the otter are co-primaries. This is “slot-machine” heraldry and it would be returned for that reason. However, the client has been consulted by her local pursuivant and is willing to modify the emblazon and emblazon to Or, in fess a domino mask and an otter statnt contourny sable, on a chief triangular wavy gules an edelweiss blossom argent seeded Or., which results in only two dissimilar charges sharing the charge group and is permitted. [MMM]

The suggestion of a "chief triangular wavy" is not an option though -- there is no evidence for the combination of more than one complex line of division in this fashion: "[A chief triangular embattled] With very rare exceptions (e.g. in combination with enarched lines), the use of two or more complex lines on the same charge is confusing, and unattested in period armory. (Wavy raguly? Embattled rayonny? I think not.) In this case, the chief could be either embattled or triangular --- but not both. (Johann Götz Kauffman von Erfurt, December, 1992, pg. 20)." [quoted on the 05/2006 LoAR, Mairgreg ingen Chailtigirn, Calontir-R] [AmC]

RETURN for redesign.

Ellen Redbootes (Granite Mountain): NEW DEVICE: Gules, a ferret rampant within a bordure embattled argent.

Conflict with Iain MacDhugal Cameron of Ben Liath (reg. 11/1991 via An Tir), "Gules, an otter couchant to sinister guardant within a bordure embattled argent," with a CD for the posture/orientation of the beast. Also conflict with Stevyn Gaoler (reg. 12/1993 via Ansteorra), "Paly bendy Or and gules, a ferret sejant erect within a bordure embattled argent," with a CD for the field. [AmC]

RETURN for multiple conflicts.

The following submissions were registered by the SCA College of Arms, June 2011:

Ælfred Lionstar of Ravenspur. Badge. (Fieldless) A sword inverted sable winged at the quillions, the blade entwined of two serpents respectant Or.

Per the May 2009 Cover Letter, "'an X entwined of a Y' is a primary X and a secondary Y."

Amanda of Sankt Vladimir. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per fess purpure and sable, a jester's cap and a dragon's head couped argent.

Submitted under the name Mononobe Tatsuni.

Anastasia of Three Oaks. Badge. (Fieldless) An acorn inverted slipped and leaved proper.

Ariel Longshanks. Name (see RETURNS for device).

This mixes a German Jewish given name with an English byname; the mix is a step from period practice.

Berkedei Kökösara. Device. Argent, a gurges sable and on a chief gules three bats argent.

Bran FitzRobert. Device. Per bend sinister vert and argent, a harp Or and a stag's head erased gules.

Cassandra Attewoode. Household name Summers Keep and badge. Azure, a wall with a door issuant from base argent masoned sable and in chief a sunburst Or.

Current precedent says that Keep and its Middle English form Kepe are registerable in contexts that surnames would apply, but not as placename elements (see the November 2001 and May 2011 LoARs for more details). However, for this submission, commenters were able to find evidence of the use of Kepe in placenames. Studies on Middle English local surnames by Mattias Teodor Löfvenberg dates le Kepe as a placename to 1425 (along with Kepeland 1204 and Kepe mede 1530). Therefore we can overturn the precedent; Kepe is found both as a standalone placename and as a protheme (first element) in English placenames and can be used as such. It is not clear that the element here is in fact the word meaning "castle," as that word is not attested in locations other than placenames and surnames before the 16th century. But it is registerable in contexts where a placename can be registered. This does not allow the registration of Keep as a deuterotheme (second element) in placenames; it remains unattested and will not be allowed without further evidence.

As one pattern for compound placenames is the addition of a family name in the possessive form before an existing placename, Middle English Summers Kepe or Early Modern English Summers Keep can be justified as a plausible placename.

The next question is whether Keep can be a designator, or whether this must be registered as something like Summers Keep House. We are willing to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that the element Keep found in bynames and placenames is a word meaning something like "castle." As words like Castle can be registered either as designators or as substantive elements within a household name, we can register this as submitted. Under current precedent, for conflict checking purposes this badge is equivalent to Per fess embattled azure and argent masoned sable, in chief a sunburst Or.

This is clear of the device of Danamas of Starlinghurst, Azure, atop a demi-wall issuant from dexter base, a starling contourny argent perched in a nest Or. There is a CD between a wall and a demi-wall, and a CD for adding the sunburst. The starling and its nest are maintained charges. This is also clear of the device of the College of Grey Gargoyles, Per fess embattled azure and argent, masoned azure. If Cassandra's armory is considered as a field division, the sunburst becomes a primary charge and thus is clear of Grey Gargoyles by X.1.

Cecily de la Warde. Badge. Azure, a vegetable lamb argent, flowered Or and fructed argent.

Ciaran Gallowglas. Name and device. Argent, on a pale sable between two wolves combatant gules a death's head argent.

This name mixes a Gaelic given name and an Anglicized Irish or English byname; this is a step from period practice. The temporal distance between the name elements as documented would be another step from period practice, and make this name unregisterable (as we do not allow names with two steps from period practice). However, Ciaran is a saint's name, and under the saint's name allowance, can be constructed as a name anytime up to 1600. As such, there is only the single step from period practice, and this name can be registered.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the wolves to better fill the available space.

Deletha of Anandyrdale. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a domestic cat sejant guardant argent atop a bellows fesswise sable.

Deletha of Anandyrdale. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a domestic cat couchant guardant argent atop a double-horned anvil sable.

Derder ffrayser. Name and device. Vert, a unicorn statant and on a chief argent three fraises vert.

In July of 2007, Laurel ruled that Derdere was not registerable. The basis of that ruling was the statement by Effric Neyn Ken3ocht Mcherrald (quoted in the decision) that "Derdere is a Latin form used 1 time in 1 late 12th century charter, and may be nominative case but I believe is more likely a mistake (that is, really an oblique case spelling)." While it is true that the spelling Derdere is fairly likely to be a scribal error, the standard for registerability of names is not that high. The spelling Derdere is found in a period document as a nominative form of the name. Therefore it is registerable. However, this is not the form submitted; if the submitter would prefer Derdere, she needs to file a request for reconsideration.

Eadric of Knight's Crossing. Name and device. Gyronny Or and azure, a lion rampant within an orle sable.

Knight's Crossing is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Ellis of Axminster. Name.

Axminster is not clearly dated, but dated forms include Axminstre and Axeminster (both from The history of Newenham abbey, in the county of Devon by James Davidson. The submitted form is a reasonable interpolation.

Elsa Olavintytär. Badge. (Fieldless) A bee bendwise sinister Or winged argent.

Énán Mac Cormaicc. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Énán Mac Cormaic The submitter requested authenticity for "Early Irish." While this name is registerable, we do not have evidence for the use of Énán except by the legendary saint. Therefore we cannot confirm the name is authentic. The byname was not in its early form, which is Cormaicc. We have made that change in order to partially meet the submitter's request.

Erika of Tir Ysgithr. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Sable, two serpents erect respectant between three mullets of four points and on a chief Or a sword sable.

Submitted under the name Elinor L'Adorable.

Etgar Wit Acra. Name and device. Sable, a dragon passant between three mascles argent.

The submitter requested authenticity for 11th or 12th century English; this name meets that request. The submitter might want to know that at this time, unmarked locative bynames are quite rare, and the more typical form would be Etgar de Wit Acra. However, unmarked locative bynames are found in the Domesday book, according to Reaney and Wilson, as well as 100 examples from the 12th century.

Finnr Eiríksson. Name.

Giovanni d'Angelo. Name.

Submitted as Giovanni D'Angelo, the usual form of the preposition is lowercase. No evidence was presented that the capitalized form was found. We have therefore made it lowercase in order to register it.

The submitter requested authenticity for Italy; with the change mentioned above, the name meets that request.

Gwenllian Dragon of Gunthorpe. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and Or, two roses counterchanged barbed and seeded vert and on a chief Or an ivy vine vert.

The spelling Gwenllian was found by Edelweiss in the late 16th century in both English and Anglicized Welsh contexts.

Heiritha Cobbley of Stanford. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and sable, a drop spindle bendwise argent.

Heiritha is a saint's name, found in Camden (1616) as Hierytha.

The spelling of Cobbley was not found, but can be constructed. Aryanhwy merch Catmael found 14th century spellings Cobeley and Cobbelaye, while Edelweiss found sixteenth century Cobley. Given the spelling variants, and variants found for other similar names, we can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and register the submitter's preferred spelling.

Hereward of Vinland. Reblazon of device. Sable, a straight trumpet palewise surmounted by an escallop inverted, a bordure argent.

Blazoned when registered as Sable, a straight horn palewise, bell in chief, debruised by an escallop, a bordure, all argent, the escallop is inverted.

Hugo Harp. Device. Sable, an eagle within a bordure dovetailed Or charged with an orle sable.

Isabelle le Charpentier de Normandie. Badge. (Fieldless) On a church bell within and conjoined to an annulet azure a fleur-de-lys argent.

Jurik Dimkovich. Name and device. Or, two brown bears statant erect addorsed proper and a chief indented sable.

Kirsten Maria Matz. Device. Purpure, a great sword bendwise sinister inverted between two roundels Or, each charged with a penguin statant proper.

The use of a penguin is a step from period practice.

Loralei Fulderer. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Loralei is the submitter's legal name.

Mathghamhain MacCionaoith. Badge. Per chevron sable and argent, a chevron embattled counterchanged between a harp reversed and a harp Or and a raven volant bendwise sable.

Meadhbh MacNeill. Device. Gules, a dragonfly and on a chief embattled Or three maple leaves gules.

Milana Lancia. Name.

This name was documented from de Felice. While this is a fine source, not all the names in it are period. Therefore, names may be documented from this (and any other) source only insofar as the source says that the name was in use before 1600. For the given name, de Felice does not provide that evidence; his evidence for the byname is skimpy. In this case, commenters were able to find alternate documentation, and this name can be registered.

Milana follows a well documented Italian pattern of creating given names from places. David Herlihy, "Tuscan Names, 1200-1530," discusses this pattern, giving examples Pisano, Bologno, Parmisano, Milano and Veneto, among others. In late 15th century Pisa, we can find Pisana as a feminine name; this combination makes Milana a quite plausible given name.

Mineko of Twin Moons. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Mineko is the submitter's legal given name.

Twin Moons is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Moricius Rosamon. Device. Argent, a hourglass azure within an orle of oak leaves in orle vert.

Nikolás Ekholm. Name and device. Azure, a tree argent and a ford proper.

Ekholm is the submitter's legal surname. It may also be a period placename, but the documentation did not demonstrate when and where (if anywhere) such a spelling might be found before 1600. It does demonstrate that an earlier form of -holm was used in Old Norse, but does not demonstrate that the element -ek was in use, that the combination is reasonable, or when the submitted form might have come into use. All of these would have to be done to allow it to be registered as a period name. But the name is registerable as is under the legal name allowance.

Ogedai Qara. Device. Gules, a schnecke issuant from base and in chief three increscents Or.

This device is not a conflict with the badge of Adelicia Marie di Rienzi, Gules, a snail passant to sinister Or. There is at least a CD between a snail and a schnecke, and another CD for adding the secondary charges.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a schnecke with secondary charges: we know of no period examples of schneckes with secondary or tertiary charges, we find the use of both in this device to be two steps beyond period practice. We may allow secondary or tertiary charges with a schnecke, but we doubt that the use of either is period practice. [Adriona Nichole la rousse de Beauvoir, November 2000, R-Atenveldt]

Ragnarr skrifari. Name change from holding name Ragnarr of Atenveldt.

Randolph Caparulo. Name.

Caparulo is the submitter's legal surname.

Robert Wallace of Craigie. Name and device. Vert, in pale three fish naiant contourny argent.

Rüdiger Seraphin. Device. Per bend sinister vert and sable semy of hearts, in dexter chief a boar's head erased argent.

Séamus mac Ríáin. Badge. (Fieldless) In fess a shepherd's crook sustained by a winged cat sejant, pendant from the crook a lantern sable.

Sergei Rostov. Device. Quarterly vert and Or, a cross bottony quarterly argent and vert.

Sigrid the Generous. Name and device. Argent, two pink flamingos statant respectant proper and a bordure vert.

This name combines a Swedish given name and an English byname; this combination is a step from period practice.

Sturm van der Meer. Name.

Commenters were able to date Sturm in various spellings to the 14th century (in Seibicke). The spelling Sturm is found as a 13th century byname derived from the given name and can thus be registered in this position.

This name mixes a German given name and a Dutch byname; a fully Dutch form would be Storm van der Meer while a fully High German form would be Sturm van dem Meer.

Tetinka Ribbing. Name.

This name mixes Russian and Swedish, which is a step from period practice.

Uilliam of Iona. Name.

Appearing on the Letter of Intent as Ulliam of Iona, the forms have the typical Gaelic form Uilliam. We have made that change in order to correct the error.

The byname can be seen as the Lingua Anglica form of a Gaelic locative byname or as a wholly English grey period byname (as Iona was found in 1623 by Red Flame in The ground of the Catholike and Roman religion in the word of god).

Uliana Iosefova. Name.

Viana Andreu de Segovia. Name.

Nice 16th century Catalan name!

Ytharus Brütschi. Name.

Nice 15th century German name!

The following submissions were returned by the College of Arms for further work, June 2011:

Ariel Longshanks. Device. Argent, a natural dolphin haurient and a sea-lion respectant purpure.

This is returned for redraw; a natural dolphin has a dorsal fin, which is missing from this emblazon, greatly hampering the identifiability. This is a violation of section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions, which requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance."

Elinor L'Adorable. Name.

No evidence was presented and none could be found that L'Adorable is a plausible byname. The only period meaning that commenters could find for it was "worthy of worship" (in the literal sense, usually applied to the Virgin Mary). There is a single grey period (1647) citation of it referring to a poet's beloved, but that single poetic usage is not enough to demonstrate that L'Adorable could have been used in prose or other normal speech to refer to a normal person (which is necessary for it to be considered a plausible byname). If the submitter is interested in the idea 'loveable,' she might consider the period term amable (also spelled aimable and amiable in period), which means "kind" as well as "loveable." Her device has been registered under the holding name Erika of Tir Ysgithr.

Énán Mac Cormaicc. Device. Per pale argent and vert, the uppercase Greek letter phi sable between in chief a triskele and a tankard counterchanged.

We require letters, when used as charges, to be drawn in a medieval hand: “This badge must be returned for the use of non-period charges: the capital letters H and S are modern sans-serif letters, with lines of equal width. Medieval letters, both in calligraphy and in carving, had different widths for the different strokes; and while there are some examples of sans-serif letters from ancient times, the majority of medieval letters were serifed. The letters used here are obtrusively modern in style. [Garrick of Shadowdale, R-02-2008]” Similarly, Greek letters should be drawn in a style that matches period hands.

Hannah Elizabeth of York. Name.

Unfortunately, this name creates the appearance of a claim to be the child of Elizabeth of York, the queen of Henry VII of England. Their marriage united a Yorkist and a Lancastrian heir, bringing an end to the War of the Roses. Her mother, Elizabeth Woodville, queen of Edward IV, was ruled important enough to protect in March of 2009. Elizabeth of York is clearly even more important and thus must be protected. We do not allow names to make the claim to be the child (or parent) of a protected person without permission to presume that relationship. We note that this has nothing to do with a claim the submitter intended to make, but only to do with a claim that might be perceived. We most frequently see this rule apply in a situation with a marked patronymic byname, like ap Henry Tudor. However, we also disallow presumption with names that can be understood as unmarked bynames of relationship as well. We would not register Arthur Henry Tudor, as it appears to be a claim to be the child of Henry Tudor. As unmarked matronymics (names that claim you as your mother's child) are common in English, including Elizabeth itself, this has to be understood as a potential claim to be the daughter of Elizabeth of York.

We would drop one of the last two elements in order to remove this problem, but that would be a major change, which the submitter does not allow. We also note that changing the order of the first two elements, to Elizabeth Hannah of York would solve the problem. But that too is a major change.

Iosif Volkov. Name and device. Per chevron argent and azure, two wolves combatant each maintaining an axe azure and a double-headed axe argent.

Unfortunately, this name conflicts with the registered Iosif Volchkov. The two given names are identical. The bynames only differ by the change to the central consonant cluster; this is not sufficient to bring the names clear of conflict. The submitter indicated he was interested in a name for 1250-1350 Russia. The submitter may want to know that this is a lovely 16th century name, but we have no evidence for these elements that early. As we do not grant a CD for difference between single-headed and double-headed axes, this device is returned for violating the "sword and dagger" rule, by using two similar but non-identical charges in the same design.

Loralei Fulderer. Device. Argent, a cock rising contourny gules.

This device conflicts with the device of Malcolm MacRuairidh of Blackoak, Argent, a raven striking to sinister gules. The bird conflict rules on the November 2003 Cover Letter require both birds to be in a period posture for that bird in order to gain a substantial difference between the two. As Malcolm's raven is not in a period posture, there is thus only one CD for the difference between a raven and a cock, not a substantial difference.

Mineko of Twin Moons. Device. Per pale argent and sable all mullety of four points, two serpents erect respectant tails entwined counterchanged.

This device is returned for a redraw, as commenters were unable to reliably identify the snakes.

Mononobe Tatsuni. Name.

Unfortunately, the documentation for the given name is incorrect. While -ni appears in names, it is only a part of an element -kuni. Therefore the name Tatsuni is not properly constructed. There are multiple solutions: the submitter might use the entire element, making Tatsukuni, or the submitter might use the feminine suffix -me, making Tatsume. Her device has been registered under the holding name Amanda of Sankt Vladimir.

Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy

c/o Linda Miku

2527 East 3rd Street

Tucson AZ 85716

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