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Kingdom of Atenveldt
Heraldic Submissions Page

(administered by the Brickbat Herald)

ATENVELDT COLLEGE OF HERALDS 25 March 2006, A.S. XL
LETTER OF PRESENTATION Kingdom of Atenveldt

Unto Their Royal Majesties Aaron and Alessandra; the Honourable Lord Seamus McDaid, Aten Principal Herald; the Heralds in the Atenveldt College of Heralds; and to All Whom These Presents Come,

Greetings of the New Year from Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy, Parhelium Herald!

This is the March 2006 internal Atenveldt Letter of Presentation. It precedes the external LoI that will contain the following submissions that are presented here, asking questions of submitters and local heralds who have worked with them; if these questions are not addressed, the submission may be returned by the Atenveldt College of Heralds. I accept online commentary, in addition to questions pertaining to heraldry and consultation for names and armory: brickbat@nexiliscom.com. Please have comments or questions to me concerning this Letter by 10 April 2006.

Submissions Website: You can send electronic commentary on the most recent internal LoIs through the site, in addition to any questions you might have. Current submission forms (the ONLY forms that can be used) can be found on the site. Please let your local populace know about the site, too: atensubmissions.nexiliscom.com.

Heraldry Hut: The next Heraldry Hut will be Friday, April 21, beginning at 7:30 PM.

Letter of Acceptance and Returns: The Atenveldt submissions found in the December 2005 LoAR (those in the August 2005 Atenveldt Letter of Intent) are included at the end of this report.

Please consider the following submissions for the April 2006 Atenveldt Letter of Intent:

Annalena Gianetta da Vicinza de' Medici (Granite Mountain): NEW NAME

The name is Italian. The given name is found in The history of Florence and the affairs of Italy from early times to the death of Lorenzo the Magnificent, by Niccolo Machiavelli ( http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/m/machiavelli/niccolo/m149h/ ). Annalena was the name of a woman married to Baldaccio d'Anghiari, a leader of the Florentine army; when her husband was assassinated, she converted her house into a monastery and lived there with a number of other noblewomen who desired a cloistered life. The convent was named for her, and the Annalena Altarpiece by Fra Angelico (1400-1455) is found there. Gianetta is a feminine given name found in "Italian Renaissance Women's Names," Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/rhian/italian.html ). Vicenza is a city south of Venice, found before the birth of Christ; in 1404, it put itself under the protection of the Republic of Venice. It was noted for a long textile history ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicenza ). The Medici family were merchants, bankers, rulers and patrons of the arts and influential in the history of Florence from the 13th through the 17th C.

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medici ); it has been registered several times as an SCA name element. The client is most interested in the sound of the name and wishes it to be authentic for time and language/culture, that of a late 15th C. Northern Italian woman.

Beatrice Fayrwether of York (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per chevron azure mullety argent and gules, a chevron Or and in base a cockatoo displayed argent.

The name is English. Beatrice is a feminine given name dated to 1202, 1230, 1241-45, 1327, 1334,1381, in "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames Index of Names Attested Between 1250 and 1450: A to B," Talan Gwynek

( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/index_mid1.html ). Fayrewether is a surname dated to 1477 ( p. 161, Reaney and Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames, 3rd edition, s.n. Fairweather). York is a town in England (p. 508, Reaney and Wilson, 3rd edition, s.n. York). The client is most interested in the meaning and language/culture of the name and would like it authentic as a 14th C. English name.

Cyneburg Thorisdohter (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per pale sable and vert, in fess a lightning bolt and a garb, on a chief Or three hearts gules.

The name is Old English. Cyneburg is an OE feminine name (R&W, 3rd edition, s.n. Kimbrough, p. 265). Thori is an OE masculine given name dated to 1066 (R&W, 3rd edition, s.n. Thory); the patronymic is formed as in Sibbe Ædesdohter, dated c. 1095, in R&W's introduction under the header "Surnames of Relationship" (p. xviii). The client will not accept major changes to the name.

Elizabeth Frogenhall (Granholme): NEW NAME

The name is English. Elizabeth is a wildly popular feminine given name, found repeatedly with this spelling 1205 to 1600("Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames," Talan Gwynek ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/ ). Froggenhall is dated to 1444 in "English Names from Pre-1600 Brass Inscriptions," Julian Goodwyn ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/brasses/ ). This is great period name, using excellent sources from the sca.org and Medieval Names Archive. The client is interested in having the name be authentic for 15th C. England.

Eirene Zaridas (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per bend sinister argent and azure, a cluster of grapes counterchanged.

The name is Byzantine Greek. All elements are found in "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era," Bardas Xiphias ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/introduction.html ); Eirene is a feminine given name dated to 1066, and Zaridas is a family name dated to 1295. The client is most interested in the language/culture of the name and wishes the name authentic for Byzantine Greek 12th-13th C.

Faolán Boru (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Azure, a chevron between two hearts Or and a wolf's head erased argent.

Faolán is a masculine Irish Gaelic name (OCM, pp. 92-3); according to "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Masculine Given Names," Mari Elspeth nic Bryan ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/ ), this is the early modern Irish Gaelic form of the name. Boru is the nickname of the last great high king of Ireland, Brian Mac Cennétig (d. 1022); the byname means "of the Tributes," an allusion to Brian's collection of tribute from minor kings throughout Ireland to restore monasteries and libraries destroyed by the Norse invasions

( http://www.ireland-information.com/articles/brianboru.htm ). The client is most interested in the language/culture of the name and wishes it authentic for time period (although the specific time is unstated).

Gepa of Sundragon (Sundragon): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Azure, a bull statant regardant argent.

Gepa is a German feminine name. Gepa Countess in Nordgau/Gepa von Nordaug was a distant relative to HRH William and Winston Churchill; she was born c. 992 ( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jamesdow/s007/f93154.htm ). Other genealogical documentation provided by the client seems to demonstrate the name as a variant of Gertrud and Gerburga. The client is most interested in the sound of the name. Sundragon is her home barony.

Guillaume le Dragon (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Azure, on a roundel per pale sable and argent, an Oriental dragon tergiant embowed-counterembowed counterchanged.

The name is French. Guillaume is found in "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris," Lord Colm Dubh

( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html#G ). le Dragon is dated to 1275 (Reaney and Wilson, 3rd edition, p. 141, s.n. Dragon). The client is most interested in the meaning of the name; he will not accept major changes to the name.

The blazon of the monster is taken from that of

Linnett Marie de Ryes (Twin Moons): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, October 2001

Per saltire sable and gules, an acorn between the tips of a vol Or.

The name was registered March 2002.

Her original submission was returned for conflict; this is a completely new design.

Merrick Dowling (Atenveldt) BADGE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, March 2006

Sable, a bend cotised between two skulls argent.

The name appears in the March 2006 Letter of Intent.

The original submission, Sable, a bend between two skulls argent., was returned for multiple conflicts. Cotising the bend clears the conflicts and hopefully introduces no new ones.

Richard Froggenhall (Granholme): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, a fox's mask sable and a bordure embattled azure.

The name is English. Both elements are found in in "English Names from Pre-1600 Brass Inscriptions," Julian Goodwyn

( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/brasses/ ). Richard is a masculine name, the fourth most-popular given name in this survey from 1107 to 1600; Froggenhall is dated to 1444. The client is most interested in having the name authentic for 15th C. England.

Séamus mac Ríán (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, a winged cat sejant sable and on a chief gules three open books Or.

The name is Irish Gaelic. Séamus is a masculine given name dated between 1398 and 1608 in "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Masculine Given Names," Mari Elspeth nic Bryan ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/ ). Ríán is a masculine given name found in OCM, p. 155; a St. Ríán is noted, with his feast day being 23 April. The client will not accept major changes to the name.

Snorri inn havi (Burning Sands): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, March 2006

Per bend sable and Or, a wolf passant counterchanged.

The name appears in the March 2006 Atenveldt LoI.

The original submission, Sable, a wolf passant sable fimbriated Or., was returned for violating RfS VIII.3 and multiple conflicts. We are trying to keep this as close to the original submission with a single charge and only two tinctures.

Stefan Zinnecker der Jäger von Ansbach (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME

The name is German. Stefan is a masculine given name found in "Late Period German Masculine Given Names: Names from 15th Century Plauen," Talan Gwynek ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/germmasc/plauen15.html ). Zinnecker is a (modern) German surname; zinn means "tin." Bahlow shows several similar names, Zinnkann, Cinner 1275, Czingiesser 1376 (s.n. Zinn). Eck means "corner"; could this have arisen as a locative, a place where tin was mined or worked? Jäger is an occupational byname meaning "hunter" (Landsheidt's German-English English-German Dictionary, Pocket Books, NY, 1973). Ansbach is a city in Bavaria, founded in 748; it was first referred to as Ansbach (from the original Onolzbach) in 1221 ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ansbach ). The client will not accept major or minor changes to the name.

The following appear in the March 2006 Atenveldt Letter of Intent:

Adelaide de Warewic (Wealhhnutu): NEW NAME

Withycombe s.n. Adelaide indicates that this is the "modern French version", and doesn't provide any dated citations for this spelling. Since she's interested in an authentic name, I recommend changing this to the dated <Adaleide>, which will give her a lovely 12th C English feminine name. I found no conflicts. [AmC] Having consulted with the client, she'll accept the dated spelling. Woohoo! [MMM]

Adelicia de Clare (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Gules, a dolphin haurient contourny between four seeblatter in cross Or.

This name might be improved by using the attested <Clare>, but the documentation, although speculative, is sufficient to justify the <de Clare> form.[KT] Another lovely name! I also found no conflicts with the name or arms. [AmC]

Ainder ingen Demmáin (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME

Luckily for us, OCM s.n. Ainder say "there is also an early saint of the name", and hence it's registerable via the saint's name allowance. The byname is indeed correctly formed. [AmC] Nice name. [KT]

Alexis De Vile (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Or, a pithon displayed sable, winged gules.

None of the examples s.n. Devil support the space in the middle of the word; I wasn't able to find a place called <Vile> so <de Vile> isn't a reasonable alternative spelling. I did find in R&W s.n. Villy <de Villi> 1190, 1208-9, and <de Vili> 1208-9. [AmC]

Was this 5th C saint known to England in our period? Past precedent (mostly snipped) says: "Elena Glamorgan. Name...In this case, Flavia has been documented as a Roman saint. No evidence was provided, and none was found by the College, that an early saint named Flavia was known in the Middle Ages. Just as in the Sadok example above, we have no evidence that a Welsh, or even English, parent would have known of a saint named Flavia. If they did not know of a Saint Flavia, they could not have named a child for her in their language. Lacking references to one of these saints named Flavia in another language (such as Middle English), the name Flavia can only be considered as the (Roman) Latin name of a 1st and/or 6th C woman, and only appropriate for that language and time." [LoAR 06/2003, Atenveldt-A]. The same applies here. The most recent registration of <Alexis> appears to be <Alexis Chambers> 04/1988 via Ansteorra, where it was registered only with the comment that it was a masculine name in period. [AmC]

This is a case where the submitter's stated desire for an authentic name and the desired name are clearly at odds. I can't find any reference to <Alexis> as a period English name, and as Albion observes, it might first be necessary to establish that St. Alexis was well known in England. The closest I was able to come was a reference to <Alex> (probably as a diminutive of Alexander) in Julian Goodwyn's "Names from Pre-16th Century Brass inscriptions", as a masculine name. For the byname, I would suggest using the attested "Devile", although "de Vile" would not be surprising in a locative byname. [KT]

Consider Ulvar van der Nederlanden: Or, a dragon sejant affronty wings displayed purpure. CD primary tincture, CD type or posture, possible RfS X.5 conflict. The posture can hide the number of legs that the dragon has, which is the key distinguishing feature between a pithon and a dragon. [KH]

Alyaa' Lyonnais (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE:Per saltire argent and sable, in pale a woman statant affronty, vested and arms upraised sable and an Arabic lamp vert.

I can't help provide support for French/Arabic combinations. [AmC]

Although the combination of French and Arabic hasn't been ruled on, I'm not optimistic about it being registerable. I would suggest either choosing a similar sounding French given name, or a similar sounding Arabic byname. [KT]

Amicia Theudoric la Sauniere (Tir Ysgithr): ACCEPTANCE OF TRANSFER of two badges and Household Name

Amleth Rønebek (Atenveldt): NEW NAME

<Amleth> is masculine; it's related to <Hamlet>. Were dates given for the <Amleth>? [AmC] No dates were given for Amleth, but the citation of the work from where it was taken is Annales Danici medii ævi, Ellen Jorgensen, Copenhagen, 1920; medii ævi strikes me as meaning "Middle Ages." Additionally, Latinized forms of Amleth are noted (Amlethus, Amletus) which suggest that the name might have a period basis, with it being as likely found in records listed in Latin as in Danish. [MMM]

Atenveldt, Kingdom of: NEW ORDER NAME AND BADGE, Order of Atlas: Azure, a man in a short tunic kneeling on one knee argent, sustaining upon his shoulders a sun, Or.

Unfortunately, I don't know of any period order name constructions that this follows, and the 08/2005 LoAR overturned the precedent stating that elements from classical mythology are registerable in order names: "Northshield, Kingdom of. Award name Award of Bellerophon. "No evidence was given to show that order names in period were formed from names of random characters from classical mythology. Barring such evidence, in future such names will not be registerable after the publication of this letter. For more information about this, see the discussion On Patterns of Order Names on this month's cover letter. However, in this case, the submitters submitted an Order name that, according to precedent in place at the time of submission, should have been registerable. While we will not allow future registrations of such names, we cannot in good conscience simply return this one."" [AmC]

Nice design! [AÞ]

Is this human posture heraldic? A registration in 1974 and one without comment during a busy month in 2002 aren't good evidence of it's acceptability. Consider Wendryn Townsend: Azure, a sun in glory Or., and Croatia, Ancient: Azure, in pale a mullet of six points Or and a crescent argent. In both cases, there is a single CD for type of half of the primary group. [KH] A bordure indented Or has been added to remove these conflicts. [MMM]

Atenveldt, Kingdom of: ORDER NAME RESUBMISSION from Laurel, August 2003, for Beacon of the Desert

This lacks a designator. [AmC] This should be Order of the Beacon of the Desert. [MMM]

Atenveldt, Kingdom of: ORDER NAME RESUBMISSION from Laurel, December 2002, for Order of Fenris

I'm not sure if demigods fall under the header of non-Christian deity. My guess is probably not. [AmC]

Caterina Amiranda della Quercia (Tir Ysgithr): TRANSFER of two badges and Household Name

Caterina Amiranda della Quercia (Tir Ysgithr): BADGE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, November 2005: (fieldless) A dragonfly within and conjoined to an annulet sable.

Cécile de Brétigny (Tir Ysgithr): NEW BADGE: (fieldless) A unicorn passant contourny gules.

No conflicts found. [AmC] This appears to be clear of conflict. Who says you can't have a unicorn anymore! [KT]

Cristíona Cinnicéid (Gila Bend): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Ermine, a catamount rampant azure charged upon the shoulder with a decrescent argent.

Woulfe is not reliable for his given names; he does not discriminate between modern forms and medieval forms. Precedent from 05/2005 says: "Morin inghean ui Mhuirneachain...The submitter noted that she had documented both names from Woulfe, Irish Names and Surnames and that she believed this meant both names were period. This is a misconception on the part of many submitters and some heralds. Note that Woulfe is a collection of Irish names, but that these names are not necessarily Irish names found prior to 1600. Woulfe collected both oral and written examples of Irish names in the early part of the 20th C, so the book is a mixture of Irish names found at that time and Irish names found in the written sources available to Woulfe. It is an excellent source, but unless the author states otherwise, the spellings must be taken as contemporary 20th C forms. In many cases, these forms are consistent with Early Modern Gaelic (1200-1600) forms, but not always."

Mari's "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Feminine Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/) has <Cristina> 1268, 1269, 1270 and <Crisd{i'}na> 1269. Lacking evidencefor <Crist{i'}ona> as a period spelling, I recommend changing this to <Cristina>.

<Cinnic{e'}id> is a header in Woulfe, but the entry just says "Kincaid, Kinkead." MacLysaght s.n. Kincaid says "This Scottish toponymic had become well established in serveral northern counties by mid-seventeenth century." Black s.n. Kincaid has <de Kyncade> 1450, 1467, 1493, <de Kynkad> 1457, <Kyncayd> 1545, <Kyncaide> 1550, <Kincaid> 1609, <Kinkaid> 1547, <Kyncaid> 1510, <Kynked> 1493. He gives no Gaelic forms. Thus, barring evidence that <Cinnic{e'}id> is a period Gaelic form of the surname, I doubt it is registerable. I searched the CELT archive for <Cinniceid>, and got no hits. What changes does she allow? <Cristine Kincaid> would be a reasonable 15th C Scots name; <Cristine> is dated to 1462 in Black s.n. Wright.

Does this not appear to be chandency? Charges on charges indicate that or an augmentation to my mind. [AÞ]

The arms are clear of Catherine Winifred of Tor Bitterroot (reg. 12/1971), "Ermine, a domestic cat sejant affronty azure, orbed Or," with one CD for the posture of the cat, and another for adding the decrescent, and it's clear of Will Langdon of Greymorne (reg. 04/2004 via AEthelmearc), "Ermine, a lion rampant to sinister azure," with one CD for the posture and one for adding the decrescent. [AmC]

Dana the Unredy (Atenveldt): NEW DEVICE: Azure, in pale two dolphins haurient in fess and two dolphins haurient contourny in fess argent.

Nice - but not period symmetry. Does the requestor want 4 dophins for some reason, or could 3 be used? I should also ask how important it is to the submitter to have a period look. [AÞ]

Consider Roberto Giano: Azure, two dolphins haurient addorsed argent.; single CD for number of primaries. [KH] This is a conflict. The client is adding an argent mullet in base. [MMM]

Daniel de Foria (Twin Moons): NAME APPEAL/CORRECTION from Daniel da Forio, Laurel, July 2005

Since his name is registered, and the registered spelling as not a result of a typo, this is neither an appeal nor a correction, but a request for reconsideration. [AmC]

Diamante Pellegrini (Twin Moons): NEW NAME

The byname <Pellegrini> can be found twice in my "Italian names from Imola, 1312" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imola.html). I found no conflicts. [AmC] Nice Italian name [AÞ]

Dobronyi Erzbet (Ered Sul): NEW NAME CHANGE from Elspeth Flannagann

The name is Hungarian. Dobronyi is the client's legal birth surname; a photocopy of her driver's license is forwarded to Laurel. The given name is said to be the Hungarian form of Elizabeth. Erzsébet is cited as one of the most popular feminine given names in 16th C. Hungary ("Hungarian Feminine Names," Walraven van Nijmegen, http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/magfem2.html ); this citation also has a number of pre-1600 variations (including Elisabeta, Elizabet, Elyzabeth and Ersebet), so we hope this isn't too far afield. I found a reference to St. Erzbet (church) in Esztergom, Hungary, online ( http://www.pbase.com/ralf/image/43374159 ). The client is most interested in the language/culture of the name and will not accept major changes to the submission.

If registered, her currently-registered name should be retained as an alternate name.

None of the forms of <Elisabeth> in Walraven's article lack a vowel between the <z> or <s> and the <b>. <Erzbet> may be a reasonable Hungarian spelling, but Walraven's article does not support it as such. [AmC]

Although it is generally better to go with an attested spelling, the <Erzbet> variation would appear to be reasonable. [KT]

Domingo Marín de León (Tir Ysgithr): NEW DEVICE CHANGE: Per pale gules and azure, a lion statant and in chief two suns Or.

Consider Thomas Attewood of Epping: Per pale gules and azure, a lion passant guardant within a double tressure Or. Single CD for type of secondaries. A double tressure has a forcedplacement meaning no CD for arrangement. [KH]

As drawn, this is much closer to three co-primaries than a primary with two secondaries in chief. In fact, the weights are almost exactly the same as those at http://tinyurl.com/fnpr6, which was returned 06/2004 in part because: "On the Letter of Intent this was blazoned as a phoenix... and in chief two escarbuncles. As drawn, the relative size of the charges makes them a single group of three primary charges. We have changed the blazon to reflect this. Under this interpretation, this conflicts with Desirata Dupré of Dragonsfire Tor: Purpure, three escarbuncles Or. The only CD is for the change to the bottommost charge of three (arranged two and one) on the field. (This is a reason for return all by itself.)" Under the interpretation that these are co-primaries, I found no conflicts; the closest was Alissende du Soleil (reg. 01/1997 via the Middle), "Vert, three suns Or," with one CD for the field, and another for changing the type of the bottommost charge. And it's clear of Thomas Attewood of Epping (reg. 04/2003 via Ansteorra), "Per pale gules and azure, a lion passant guardant within a double tressure Or," with one CD for the number of primary charges, and one for removing the secondary. [AmC] The blazon will be adjusted. The reblazon also eliminates the cites conflist with Thomas Attewood by removing a peripheral charge and adding a primary charge group. [MMM]

Dougal MacNeil (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per pale sable and vert, two wolves combattant

Complex design here and lots of colors, could it be simplified? (more useful since someone will probably want to make clothes or a banner or a surcoat with this sometime) [AÞ]

I'm counting 8 complexities, but the overall design seems busy and complicated, to my eye. I would probably like it more if there was a solid field instead of a field division - it only clutters the design more. Correct me on my 8 complexities if I'm wrong, please: sable, vert, argent, Or, two wolves, a goblet, a bordure semy of Maltese crosses [AA] The rule of eight applies to tinctures and charge types (okay, you didn't throw a field division into the mix...some folks do), so this is at that limit with four tinctures and four charge types. It is registerable and to its credit, it is a symmetrical design. [MMM]

Einar Andersson (Atenveldt): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, June 2004

Sable, on a bend cotised between a drakkar reversed and a tankard Or a sword gules.

The name was registered June 2004.

The original submission, Sable, on a bend cotised Or a sword gules., was returned for conflict.

Eyv{o,}r Halldórsdóttir (Tir Ysgithr) NEW NAME and DEVICE: Argent, a horse passant and a chief azure.

That should be {o,}, with the ogonek actually under the <o>. (If you want the HTML coding for the o-ogonek, it's &#x01EB;). Otherwise, the name looks fine. [AmC] Fixed it! [MMM] Good name! [KT]

I think this is the correct patronymic also, but the ó may undergo mutation to á - Im not certain. [AÞ]

Fabio Ventura (Sundragon): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per chevron sable and purpure, in chief two wedges of cheese and in base three goblets conjoined in pall, bases to center Or.

The arrangement of the goblets makes them difficult to identify. [KH]

Flòraidh Tay (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME CHANGE from Katherine Lamond

I have a vague recollection of <Floraidh> being demonstrated as a purely modern form, but I can't find what I was thinking of. However, given that it doesn't look like any real documentation was provided for it, I'd recommend just going with <Florie Tay>. [AmC]

Garrett Fitzpatrick (Twin Moons): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, April 2003: Per chevron vert and argent, three annulets counterchanged.

No conflicts found. [AmC]

The way the per chevron is drawn it almost looks like a pile inverted. [AA] One doesn't see a pile inverted in period armory; a per chevron line of division can be drawn at so many angles, including that seen here, so in addition to the field division, we have to conflict check against the SCA-permitted pile inverted. [MMM]

German Schade (Twin Moons): NEW NAME CHANGE from Jiruad Saint Germain

<German> is indeed found once as a given name, and <Schade> twice. In fact, both elements are found in the city of Kochendhurn, so the name is about nearly ridiculously authentic! [AmC] Excellent name! [KT]

Hákon mj{o}ksiglandi (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Gules, a seahorse erect contourny and on a chief indented argent three anchors azure.

Good name! [KT]

Ingvarr h{o}ggvandi Ósvaldsson (Twin Moons): NEW NAME

h{o,}ggvandi is also found in landnámabók. [AÞ]

Jennifer Trethewy (Sundragon): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Argent, on a bend sinister vert between an inkwell and a quill pen bendwise sinister sable, three gouttes d'Or.

Lovely name! [AmC]

Johan of Hawksley (Twin Moons): NEW DEVICE and BADGE

(device) Per fess embattled argent and Or, three bows drawn and armed with arrows in fess and a hawk striking contourny sable.

(badge) Or, in pale three bows drawn and armed with arrows in chevron and a hawk striking contourny sable.

Johann Wolfgang von Hesse (Mons Tonitrus): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, April 2000: Gules, three wolves' teeth issuant from sinister Or, a tierce bendy sinister sable and Or.

When this device was built Brickbat had some concern if this would be considered Marshalling. Consider Catigern Gooch Sable a frauenadler displayed Or crined purpure and a tierce bendy sinister Or and purpure. This would suggest that the College does not consider this Marshalling. The submitter appears clear of Blaiddwyn, College of Gules, in fess a trefoil slipped and three wolf's teeth issuant from sinister argent. One CD for the color of the teeth, as well as CD for change of the trefoil for the Tierce. This device appears clear of all others by 2 CDs including Asclin Thorne Vert, three wolf's teeth issuant from sinister, in dexter chief a pheon Or. One CD for field color, one CD for change (again) in the Pheon charge. [TW]

John Fair of Hawkwode (Wealhhnutu): NEW NAME

Good name. [AmC] The name might be very slightly improved by substituting <de> for <of>, but this is otherwise a fine name. [KT]

Jonathon von Trotha/Deille of Farnham (Atenveldt): BADGE RESUBMISSION Kingdom September 2003, for House Astrum Aureum

Per pale sable and gules, a sun within an orle of mullets Or.

Consider Constanza de Mendoza Vert, a sun within an orle Or. I count 2 CD total: 1 CD for the field and another for change in type of Orle and Drogo of Axbridge Per saltire sable and gules, a sun in splendor Or and a bordure indented argent. 1CD for change in field, and again 1CD for change in Bordure, also consider Gillian FitzGilbert Quarterly gules and sable, a sun in splendor Or, a bordure erminois. 1CD for change in field, 1CD for bordure change. [TW] Clear for all, based on your counts. [MMM]

Finnvarr de Taahe: Azure, a mullet of six points within an orle of mullets of six points Or. Single CD for the field. Return for conflict. [KH] This is indeed a conflict; by current precedent there is not a CD between a multi-pointed mullet and sun... [Máire MacPharthláin, 02/02, R-Calontir]. Consultation with the clients have resulted in making the orle of mullets argent, clear the conflict, and changing the primary charge to the still somewhat star-like compass rose. [MMM]

Juan Diego Drago (Twin Moons): NEW NAME

The use of double given names is rare, but found in Spain in the 16th C. [AmC]

Katharina von Marburg (Mons Tonitrus): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, January 2006: Per bend gules and sable, on a bend Or three griffins segreant palewise sable.

Consider Arven Atwater Per bend gules and sable, on a bend between a crescent and a natural seahorse bendwise Or, three trefoils vert and Geoffrey Blackstone Stephen Per bend gules and sable, on a bend between a talbot rampant and a hunting horn Or, a log sable. I count .5 CD for each of the secondary charges in these devices, for a total of 1 and .5 for the difference in the charges on the bends. Totals of 1.5CD by my count--please correct me if I am wrong on the CD count for the Secondary charges. [TW] Oh, argh. It's either 1 CD or not...we gave up half-points for Lent or sanity or something! :) For Arven, there's 1 CD for removal of the secondary charges (crescent and natural seahorse) and 1 CD for at least two cumulative changes to the tertiaries (vert trefoils vs. sable griffins); the same count holds true for Geoffrey (the cumulative charges on the tertiary there are one log vs. three griffins, number and type). [MMM]

Kathleen O'Farrell (Ered Sul) NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per bend sinister sable and vert, a mullet of seven points and an owl argent.

<Kathleen> has also been ruled SCA-compatible: "Kathleen O'Deay. Name (see RETURNS for device). "Submitted as Kathleen O'Dea, Kathleen was ruled SCA-compatible in the Cover Letter for the March 2002 LoAR. O'Dea was documented from MacLysaght (p. 76), which lists O Dea. However, many of the Anglicized Irish forms listed by MacLysaght are modern. Woulfe (p. 494 s.n. Ã" Deaghaidh) lists O Dea as a modern Anglicized Irish form and lists the forms O Daa, O Dawe, O Daye, and O Deay as Anglicized Irish forms dated to temp. Elizabeth I-James I. Woulfe (p. 496 s.n. Ã" Diaghaidh) lists O Dea as a modern Anglicized Irish form and lists the form O Die as an Anglicized Irish form dated to temp. Elizabeth I-James I. Other Anglicized Irish forms dated by Woulfe to late period show an apostrophe after the O in some bynames. Based on this information, we have changed this byname to O'Deay, based on the dated example O Deay found in Woulfe, in order to register this name." [LoAR 03/2003] Woulfe s.n. {O'} Fearghail has <O Ferrall> dated to Elizabeth I - James I. Based on this precedent, I recommend changing the name to <Kathleen O'Ferrall>. I found no conflicts with the arms or the name. [AmC]

The name might be improved by using the attested <Catlin> spelling, but this name is most likely registerable as is. [KT]

Posture on the owl? Close guardant? Consider Alwyn MacQuill Per bend sinister sable and vert, a mullet Or and a pegasus salient argent. 1CD for change in color of the mullet (5 points?) 1 CD for change of charge (Pegasus for Owl) total of 2 CD. [TW] This is the default posture for an owl, statant close gardant, so that doesn't need to be blazoned (cool!). Correct on the count, too. [MMM]

Kiera O'Malley (Tir Ysgithr): NAME RESUBMISSION from Laurel, September 1994

Unfortunately, I doubt that a Laurel ruling from 1994 is going to be sufficient on its own for registration. It's funny; this name recently came up on the sca-heralds yahoo group. No one was able to find any documentation for it, and even though we have the saints' name allowance, it's <Kiara> that is found in Butler, not <Kiera>. However, if she is interested in sound, then perhaps this can be changed to <Ceara>; this is the early modern form of <Cera>, of which OCM s.n. Cera note three virgin saints. Woulfe s.n. {O'} M{a'}ille has <O Mailie>, <O Mallie>, <O Mally>, and <O Maely> as English forms from temp. Elizabeth I - James I, so <Ceara O'Mally> would be registerable with just one weirdness for combining Gaelic and anglicized Irish in the same name. [AmC]

Léot MacGregor (Twin Moons): NEW NAME, DEVICE and BADGE

(device) Gules, in pale three bones in fess and an escarbuncle argent.

(badge) Gules, three bones in fess argent.

Malachie Cannan (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Gules, a sheaf of three swords within an orle Or.

The orle could be thicker. [KH]

Marion Ross (Tir Ysgithr): NEW DEVICE and BADGE

(device) Argent, in pale a horse salient azure and a demi-sun issuant from base sable.

(fieldless badge) A demi-horse salient azure.

The horse's body is fesswise (badge). It should conflict with statant/passant/courant not rampant/salient.[KH]

The sun is visually equivalent to a base. As such, it's secondary, not co-primary. [KH]

Mathias Haubrich (Mons Tonitrus): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per chevron checky vert and Or, and vert, a chevron argent and in base a cross potent Or.

<Mathias> can also be found in my "German Names from 1495" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/german1495.html).

It's found once; the more popular spellings are <Mathis> 13 and <Mathes> 11. [AmC]

The chevron should be steeper. [KH]

Merrick Dowling: NEW NAME

Welsh and Aglicized Irish have been deemed registerable, although one step from period practice (Ryan de Caergybi,A-Outlands 05/03) so this name should be quite registerable. [KT]

Michael mac Tigernaich (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Quarterly azure and argent, an enfield rampant Or.

The byname is constructed correctly. [AmC]

Given the early date of the byname I'd expect to see a devotional name like <Mael Michael> used rather than the straight <Michael>. However, as Michael is the submittor's given name and the Archangel Michael would have been well known in Ireland the submitted form should be quite registerable. [KT]

Consider Ana Moonstar: Azure, a wolf rampant reguardant Or, maintaining in its teeth a mullet of eight points argent, standing upon a moon in her plentitude per pale argent and sable. CD field, possible CD if the moon is large enough to be co-primary. Visual call. [KH]

As for the arms, there is no CD between a wolf and an enfield: "Anacletus McTerlach. Device. Gules, an enfield rampant argent. The device conflicts with Fuiltigherne ni Ruadh O'Finn: Gules, a wolf rampant argent, collared and chained Or, within a bordure chequy argent and azure. There is one CD for the bordure, but no difference for the maintained collar and chain. This also conflicts with Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf: Gules, ermined argent, a wolf rampant argent. In this case there is one CD for the field."While the enfield appears in period, the only period examples we can find are supporters. As such it is impossible to tell whether enfields were considered different from canines in period as charges on the shield. With that in mind, we are left with visual differences; at least three-quarters of an enfield is canine, and the avian forelimbs often appear close to hands, as do those of canines in period heraldry. There is not enough visual difference to give a CD between canines and enfields, so the July 1992 precedent is hereby extended to give no CD even when the critters are not holding anything. This overturns the precedent from September 2003, which was solely based on implications from the July 1992 ruling." [LoAR 07/2004] As such, this conflicts with Josseline Margretyinge, "Per bend gules and sable, a dog rampant Or," #19 on Caid's Feb ELoI, with one CD for the field. [AmC] Having consulted the client, he is adding a bordure counterchanged, which clear the conflict with Josseline and the potential one with Ana. [MMM]

Orlaith Bradden (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME

The name is Irish Gaelic. Órlaith is a feminine given name of the 12th C. ("Dated Names Found in Ó Corráin & Maguire's Irish Names," Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/ocm/ ). Bradden is found in MacLysaght (6th edition, p. 264, s.n. Salmon). The client is most interested in the language/culture of the name, and the desired gender is female; she will not accept major changes to the submission.

Remus Xenos (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per saltire sable and argent, a mask of tragedy and a mask of comedy vert, ribboned gules.

I don't know that Remus was used outside of myth. The only instance of the name I found was "Sabato Calabrese Remus of Foffi"

(http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/yehoshua/rome_names.html) as a Jewish name in Rome in the 1550s. As for Xenos, I'd like to see some evidence that it would have been used as a name at all. [AA]

Remus is mentioned De Felice Nomi under s.n. Remo. It says that the etymology of Remus in not known. It true that there were Greeks in medieval Southern Italy (especially Calabria) but I don't believe that they would have a name formed this way, Italian + Greek. I looked in the LPGN (III.A) for Magna Greca and didn't find anything similar to Remus. I found Xenos as a family name in Byzantine seals, 1025-1261 Part of the Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire, an article in the Medieval Names Archive. But Alas! The link is broken but can be found through the Way Back Machine. Here is what I found: Xenos - Ioannes (?) Xeros (? or Xenos?) protospatharios (?) and krites of Hellas. http://web.archive.org/web/20041114190618/www.kcl.ac.uk/humanities/cch/PBE/seals\

/start.htm You may have to click on Family Names, then T-Z, find Xenos and click on the highlighted portion. [MB] I've just cut and pasted the URL from the Way Back Machine here - I was unable to link to it. [MMM]

<Xenos> can also be found as a masculine given name in Maridonna's "Early 14th C. Byzantine Names of Macedonia"

( http://www.maridonna.com/onomastics/macedonia.htm ). It could be possible to construct a patronym from <Xenos>. [AmC]

Rígán mac Ferchair (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Argent, two dragons combattant and a dragon passant, all sable, winged, bellied and breathing flames gules.

I am concerned here with a concept of Medieval and Modern symmetry this appears strikingly similar to the symmetry example in the Known World Handbook. Consider also Thomas Rumboll Or, three dragons segreant sable. 1cd for the color (field)... positioning on the dragons is going to give 1cd, but this one I would like to see a visual comparison [TW] There's also 1 CD for changing at least half of the charges' posture (one dragon segreant contourny and one passant); there is so much gules in these dragons that for all intents and purposes they are half sable/half gules. This is indeed modern symmetry, which is permitted. It isn't great classic armorial style, but... [MMM]

Robert William Makintoshe (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per chevron Or and azure, two apples gules, slipped and leaved vert, and an eagle rising wings elevated and addorsed, Or.

Double given names were vanishingly rare in Scotland in even by the 16th century, so even if the name is registerable it would likely be considered a step from period practice. Alternatively, the name might be considered a double surname, which did occasionally happen in Scotland. [KT]

Consider Turlough Strongbow MacCormac: Per chevron Or and azure, two dragons rampant gules and a falcon striking Or.; single CD for half of primary group. [KH] Having consulted the client, the eagle will be turned to sinister, clearing the conflict (thanks, cnute!). [MMM]

Romanus Rodrigo (Sundragon): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, January 2006

Per pale azure and argent, two double-bitted axes counterchanged.

The name appears in the 6 January 2006 Atenveldt Letter of Intent.

His original submission, Azure, a double-bladed axe and in chief three suns above a bar argent., was returned for design issues. This is close to a complete reworking of the submission.

Sarra Garrett (Granholme): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Or, an oak sprig fesswise proper and a chief gules.

Lovely name! I found no conflicts. [AmC]

The arms are clear of Mealla inghean uÃ- ShirideÃin, Or, three sprigs of oak vert fructed proper, on a chief gules a lion dormant Or., with one CD for removing the tertiary, another for changing the number of primaries, and another for the change in orientation. [AmC]

Snorri the Tall (Burning Sands): NEW NAME

Although the name might be slightly improved by using the all Norse <inn havi> the name is quite registerable using the lingua anglica allowance. [KT]

Name looks fine, either with the lingua anglica form of the byname, or the wholly Old Norse form. I found no conflicts. [AmC]

Having consulted with the client, he likes the idea of having a completely ON names, and this will be submitted as Snorri inn hávi. [ON, MMM]

Temurmaghad Ghubiyan (Twin Moons): NAME and DEVICE RESUBMISSIONS from Laurel, April 2004

Gules, a ram's head erased within nine lozenges in annulo argent.

The original name submission Temur Khana was returned for conflict with Temur Khan, grandson of Kublai Khan and an Emperor of China, with his own entry in Britannica Online. Although the names do not have the same meaning, they are nearly identical in sound and appearance. Just as the CoA would protect the names of kings of European kingdoms, it is appropriate to protect the names of Chinese emperors. The given name Temurmaghad means "iron determination/resolve." The byname Ghubiyan means "ravenous, starving." The individual elements can be found at Lingua Mongolia: Classical Mongolian Grammar and Tutorials ( http://www.linguamongolia.co.uk/searchdict.html ), with copies of appropriate entries to Laurel. The given name follows a pattern for names that reflect desirable qualities in life and that represent characteristics of strength, durability or physical value, as outlined in "Mongolian Naming Practices," Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy. 1995 KWHS Proceedings. The byname follows descriptives, often physical, that apply to the individual (similar to bujir, "dirty, filthy," and targhutai: "fat, 'fatty'"). The client is most interested in the language/culture of the name and the meaning.

The original device submission, Gules, a ram's head erased within nine lozenges in annulo argent. (With the lozenges oriented outward, like the petals of a flowers), was returned because no adequate blazon could be found for the position of the lozenges, violating RfS VII.7.b: "Elements must be reconstructible in a recognizable form from a competent blazon.... elements that cannot be described in such a way that the depiction of the armory will remain consistent may not be used." The submitted blazon would result in all the lozenges being palewise, which does not match the emblazon. The resubmission orients the lozenges in the manner that the device could be constructed from the blazon alone.

Titus Antonius Agrippa Romanees (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Sable, in pale a capital letter P Or and two lightning bolts crossed in saltire argent.

There is a weirdness for the SCA compatible lightning bolt. Is this "P" part of a standard period script? Is should be documented. RfS VII.3 and VII.7.b are issues that need to be addressed, especially in view of the weirdness for the lightning bolts. Consider Kalven the Deranged: Sable, issuant from sinister chief a lightning bolt bendwise sinister argent conjoining in dexter base an estoile of four greater and four lesser rays or.;

CD number of primaries, possible CD estoille (maintained/sustained). [KH]

Thorarna I Hiartt (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Quarterly argent and vert, a Bowen knot set crosswise counterchanged.

I searched "Oluf Rygh: Norwegian Farm Names" at http://www.dokpro.uio.no/rygh_ng/rygh_form.html, but didn't find any hits for <Hiartt>. [AmC]

Ulbrecht vom Walde (Twin Moons): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, April 2003

Per fess Or and vert, three trees eradicated in fess and two lozenges in fess counterchanged.

The name was registered April 2003.

The original submission, Purpure, on a lozenge Or a tree eradicated vert., was returned for conflict. This is a redesign.

Valbj{o}rn Hrútsson (Mons Tonitrus): NEW NAME

Vallaúlfr Rurikson (Tir Ysgithr): NEW BADGE: Azure, two wolves dormant regardant and on a chief indented argent a mullet azure.

The wolves are respectant, not reguardant. [AmC]

Identifiability might be an issue. The heads are tucked against the legs and the ruffs on the necks are similar to manes. [KH]

Vallaúlfr Rurikson and Cécile de Brétigny (Tir Ysgithr): NEW JOINTLY-HELD BADGE: Per pale indented azure and argent, a wolf argent and a unicorn gules combattant, both gorged and chained Or.

This looks like a marshaled device, since it is in essence, but I believe the complex line of division should allow it to be registered. Frankly, I think we should allow marshalling in jointly held badges. [AÞ]

I'm a bit worried about the appearance of marshalling with this badge, especially since it has been created by taking an element from each person's device and putting them together. It is, however, a nice design and I can't find any conflicts. [KT] The clients' first design did have a straight line of division :) [MMM]

Vikarr feilan (Twin Moons): NEW NAME

This name may be missing the article <inn> but is otherwise a fine name. [KT]

Violet Elliott (Ered Sul): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Argent, a bee statant proper upon a violet, a bordure purpure.

The updated URL for the article is http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/perth.html [AmC]

Perhaps we should use atop instead of upon. From http://www.sca.org/heraldry/coagloss.html : "Upon. An ambiguous term which should be avoided in blazon. See also On, Atop." "Atop. Said of a charge which is conjoined to another charge to base, e.g. a falcon perched atop a gauntleted cubit arm fesswise is in pale a falcon conjoined at the feet to a gauntleted cubit arm fesswise. See also Above, Upon." [AA]

Yngvarr Ottoson (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Quarterly sable and azure, a stag rampant argent and a bordure ermine.

Given his authenticity request, I recommend changing this to <{O'}ttuson>. The arms are clear of Mor Lochlann Harte (reg. 11/1990 via Atenveldt), "Counter-ermine, a winged stag rampant, wings elevated and addorsed, argent within a bordure ermine," with a CD for the field and one for removing the wings. I found nothing else close. [AmC]

Ysabel Glyn Dwr (Burning Sands): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Per saltire argent and vert, in pale a tree eradicated proper and a bear statant erect affronty sable.

Good name! [KT]

If you want to see loads of variations of spellings of the given name, take a look at these, from S. Gabriel Report 2949 (www.s-gabriel.org/2949); these include Ysabelle 1253; Ysabell 1279; Yzabell 16th C... The submitted form is definitely within the bounds of variation! [AmC] Check out the citation; the number of Isabels is a hoot! [MMM]

This sejant erect affronty without any appendages visible against the field is every bit as identifiable as the classic "meatloaf" dormant posture. Return for violating RfS VII.7.a.[KH] The bear has been reemblazoned to show itself more clearly. [MMM]

The following are returned by the Atenveldt College of Heralds for further work, March 2006:

Beaune de la Sorse (Tir Ysgithr): DEVICE CHANGE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, February 1997: Paly bendy sable and Or, a point pointed ployé argent.

Nice graphic look. [AÞ]

This conflicts with Teck, Dukes of, "Lozengy bendwise sable and Or." "Lozengy bendwise" is the same as "paly bendy", so the only difference is for adding the point. [AmC. KH]

Marcus Leonidas Brittanicus (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Gules, a thunderbolt and a chief embattled Or.

The name lacks a nomen. [MMM]

Merrick Dowling: NEW BADGE: Sable, a bend between two skulls argent.

Consider Bodo Rosti Quarterly sable and gules, in bend sinister two jawless skulls argent. Is differenced by the bend and the field 1cd for the field, 1cd for the bend [AA] The count is inaccurate. Bodo's primary charges are the skulls; he has no secondary charges. So there is 1 CD for the field, 1 CD in difference of the primary charge type (bend vs. skulls), and 1 CD for the addition of secondary charges. [MMM]

Consider Egill köttr Einarsson: Sable, a bend between a roundel and a domestic cat sejant contourny argent.; and Johannes of Midhaven: Sable, a bend between a decrescent and an opinicus statant argent. There are single CDs for types of secondaries. [KH, AA] Consider Kraus des Berges: Sable, a bendlet between a ram's head affronté couped at the shoulders and three mountain peaks chased and snow-capped argent.; and Löwe des Berges: Sable, a bendlet between a lion rampant and three mountain peaks conjoined chased and snow-capped argent. There is a CD for type of secondaries, possible CD for number of secondaries. Are these mountains of three peaks or three separate mountain peaks? [KH] The peaks are conjoined into a single unit; they are not separated. [MMM]

Snorri the Tall: NEW DEVICE: Sable, a wolf passant sable fimbriated Or.

A wolf isn't a simple geometric figure. [KH, AmC] This also conflicts with Madoc Arundel: Chevronelly argent and gules, a hound passant sable.; Robert of Lahinch: Vert, an Irish Wolfhound statant sable, fimbriated Or. There are single CDs for the fields. [KH]

RETURN for violating RfS VIII.3 and multiple conflicts.

Vallaúlfr Rurikson: NEW HOUSEHOLD NAME, Clan Wolfhaven

Ursula did some research into place names which use the element <haven> awhile back, and she only found the word combined with color words. I can't help provide support for <Wolfhaven> as a reasonable place name, surname, or indeed anything else which could be reasonably combined with the designator <Clan>. [AmC]

And I, trying to justify the household name against all odds, note Wolves' Haven, a household name registered to Sigurd Stormrider of Wolves' Haven in April of 1987 (via Caid). This is a conflict. [MMM]

The following submissions were registered by the S.C.A. College of Arms, December 2005:

Ailleann Mac Quyn. Device. Argent, a dragon statant contourny vert breathing flames proper, in chief two hearts gules.

Áine inghean uí Ghríobhtha. Device. Per bend azure and vert, a bend between four crescents conjoined in cross at the points and a cross clechy argent.

This does not conflict with Ailith of Heronter, Per bend azure and vert, a bend between a cross crosslet and a sprig bendwise argent. There is one CD for changing the type of the secondary charges and another for the number.

While the lunel is a period Portuguese heraldic charge, it does not have a defined number of crescents. We will therefore continue to blazon the crescents explicitly and to treat them as individual charges, in this case four, rather than a single charge.

Alena Premyslowna. Name and device. Azure, a triskelion arrondy and on a chief Or, three gillyflowers gules.

Submitted as Alena Premyslovna, the submitter requested authenticity for Czech/Bohemian; this was not mentioned on the LoI. The name was documented as a fully Russian name from Wickenden, A Dictionary of Period Russian Names, 3rd edition. Nebuly notes, "for period Czech the byname more likely would be spelled Premyslowna." We have changed the name to Alena Premyslowna to partially fulfill the submitter's request for authenticity. The submitter made an authenticity request which was not summarized on the LoI. Had Nebuly not addressed the issue, we would have been forced to pend this name for further research. Please advise the submitter that while the emblazon clearly shows a triskelion of some type, a heraldic artist would not reproduce this exact triskelion from any blazon we could devise.

Anita de Challis. Exchange of device and badge. Gules, a seeblatt and a chief doubly enarched Or.

Her previous badge, Gules, a seeblatt and a chief doubly enarched Or, is now her device. Her previous device, Gules, a schnecke issuant from sinister chief argent and on a chief Or three fleurs-de-lys azure, is now her badge.

Arsenda of Calais. Device. Per chevron vert and azure, two estoiles and a winged scarab displayed, maintaining between its wingtips a roundel argent.

There is no defined form for a scarab either heraldically or in Egyptian art. The presence of the wings and the presence of a roundel between them must be specified but whether the roundel is conjoined to the wings and/or the forelegs is considered an unblazoned, artistic variant, as is the presence or absence of a smaller roundel maintained by the hind legs. Scarabs were known artifacts in period and are registerable under RfS VII.3.

Brian Sigfridsson von Niedersachsen. Device. Per bend argent and azure, two bendlets azure and three mullets of six points Or.

Blazoned as in bend on the LoI, the mullets are not really in bend; however, they are drawn offset in an attempt to fill the space. Precedent states: [in base three millrinds two and one] The millrinds' arrangement was not originally explicitly blazoned on the LoI, but it was blazoned on the form. On a shield shape three charges in base will be two and one by default, but this is not necessarily the case on other shapes, such as a rectangular banner. Since the submitter explicitly blazoned the charges in base as two and one, we have reinstated this term. If the submitter would prefer to have this left as a matter of artist's licence, she may request a reblazon. [Áine Sindradóttir, 10/02, A-Atlantia] Similarly in this case, the placement of the charges on the azure portion of the field will vary depending on the shape the device is displayed on. As the submitter did not blazon the position of the charges, and as they fall between in bend and two and one, we are leaving the exact placement as a matter of artistic license.

Cecilia Mowebray. Name change from Cecilia Kandzierzawa and device change. Azure, two swans rousant respectant and in chief a mullet of four points argent.

The summary of the documentation for Mowebray did not include information supporting the registration of this surname. It merely stated that the name was found in a particular document with no dates provided. However, an examination of the documentation, "York Bridgemaster's Accounts", reveals that all the records from which the names are drawn are dated to the 15th C. This information should have been included in the LoI. Her old name, Cecilia Kandzierzawa, is released. Her previous device, Azure, a swan rousant contourny wings elevated, inverted and addorsed argent maintaining a lute Or, a bordure ermine, is released.

Cerdic of Atenveldt. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Sable, a chevron between four triskeles three and one argent.

Submitted under the name Cerdic Logan of Anglesey

Emma Rose Sinclaire. Name and device. Per saltire argent and vert, two equal-armed Celtic crosses flory vert.

Grainne the Red. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and gules, between two enfields combattant a cinquefoil argent.

This name mixes Gaelic and English; this is one step from period practice. Although Grainne is found in modern English documents and is a modern Anglicization of the name Grainne or Gráinne, there is no evidence that this is a period Anglicization. However, the form Grainne appears in The Annals of the Four Masters in the entries for 1312, 1463, and 1550, among others. A fully Gaelic form of this name would be Grainne Ruadh, however, this form would be an aural conflict with the already registered Graidhne ni Ruaidh.

The blazon reflects the fact that the enfields are the primary charges, and the cinquefoil a secondary charge. Please advise the submitter that all of the charges should be drawn larger.

Gregory of Sherwood. Name.

Jauhara al-Shaqra. Name change from holding name Kathy of Tir Ysgithr.

Kara of Twin Moons. Holding name and device. Per pales gules and Or, a lymphad under sail between three mullets of six points, a bordure all counterchanged.

Submitted under the name Reina Vidales de Tarrgona, that name was returned on the September 2005 LoAR.

Llwyd Akers. Name and device. Gules, a frog and a base argent all within a bordure Or.

Submitted as Llwyd Akess, the byname spelling Akess is found only as a header spelling in Reaney and Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames s.n. Acres. None of the dated forms are missing the "r". Because Akess is not consistent with period forms of this name, it cannot be registered. We have changed the name to Llwyd Akers; this form of the byname is dated to 1282 in Bardsley, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames.

Lucius Evangelista. Name and device. Or, a double-headed eagle sable, on a chief gules two scorpions fesswise respectant Or.

The submitter requested authenticity for 16th C Italy. However, the given name is Latin while the surname is Italian. This is certainly registerable, but for an authentic 16th C Italian name, we would expect a fully Italian form. We would suggest Luca Evangelista or Lucio Evangelista; both of these given names are found in Ferrante LaVolpe, "Italian Renaissance Men's Names", dating to 1427-1429. However, we cannot make this change because the submitter will not accept major changes; changing the language of an element is a major change.

Malcolm the Bold. Name and device. Per pale sable and argent, two talbots sejant respectant counterchanged and a fox's mask azure.

The large emblazon is noticeably more recognizable as a fox's mask than the mini-emblazon.

Maria Angela da Firenze. Name and device. Or, a demi-dragon contourny maintaining in its sinister claw a bow and in its dexter claw two arrows azure, a bordure embattled gules.

Michael of Kilkenny. Name.

Nikolaus von Erlach. Device. Checky gules ermined argent and argent, a unicorn rampant and a base sable.

Reinhardt Rebil. Name and device. Or, two birds rising respectant, wings elevated and addorsed, sable and a heart gules, a bordure sable.

Shalon of Atenveldt. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent semy of annulets sable, a bordure per pale purpure and azure.

Submitted under the name Shalon MacNeil.

Simon de Rouen. Name.

Sorcha inghean ui Ghadhra. Name.

Submitted as Sorcha O'Gara, the submitter requested authenticity for Irish language/culture. As submitted, the name combines Gaelic and English; to be a fully authentic Irish name, all name elements should be Irish. The Annals of the Four Masters records that a Domhnall h-Ua Gadhra died in 1218. The expected feminine form for this patronymic is inghean ui Ghadhra. We have changed the name to Sorcha inghean ui Ghadhra to fulfill her request for authenticity.

Twin Moons, Barony of. Badge. Azure, on a pall inverted bretessed argent three rapiers points to center and conjoined sable.

Uther the Dark. Name and device. Per bend azure and sable, a bear rampant and three axes argent.

Walrick de Blakeney. Name change from Walrick of Canterbury.

His old name, Walrick of Canterbury, is released.

Zephyr Evanovich. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Zephyr Evanevich Zvyerboi, no documentation was submitted and none found to suggest that Zvyerboi (or, more precisely Zveroboi), a word meaning "animal-killer", was found in period. For bynames in English or French, we require, at minimum, evidence that the word is found in use pre-1650; there is no reason why the burden of proof should be less for Russian words. Barring such documentation, this byname is not registerable. The correct patronymic form of Evan is Evanovich. We have dropped the problematic element, corrected the spelling of the patronymic, and registered this name as Zephyr Evanovich. The name Zephyr is the submitter's legal given name. The submitter requested authenticity for a Slavic culture. However, Zephyr is not a name found in period or one used in Slavic countries. If the submitter is, indeed, interested in an authentic name, we suggest the similar sounding Russian given names Zev dated to 1139 and Zeval dated to 1598 in Wickenden, A Dictionary of Period Russian Names, 2nd edition.

The following are returned by the College of Arms for further work, December 2005:

Áine O'Shaughnessy. Name and device. Argent, a tree couped between in fess two brown dogs couchant respectant proper.

Aural conflict with Aine ni Sheachnasaigh, registered April 1997. Past precedent holds that the Gaelic particle ni and the English O' are both too close in sound to inghean ui; in this case, it also means that ni and O' are also in conflict.

This device conflicts with the important non-SCA arms of O'Connor Don, Argent, a tree eradicated vert. There is no difference between a tree proper and a tree vert, nor between a tree couped and a tree eradicated. There is thus only a single CD for adding the dogs.

Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Designator change for heraldic title from Sunburst Herald to Sunburst Pursuivant.

Submitted as a change of designator from Sunburst Herald to Sunburst Pursuivant, the title was registered as Sunburst Pursuivant in 1992. As the designator is already in the desired form, there is nothing to change here.

The kingdom wrote "It is requested that the title be...assigned for the use of the baronial Pursuivant for the Barony of Ered Sûl." While kingdoms may register titles and allow their use by groups within the kingdom, and they may transfer a title to another group, we do not designate registered titles owned by one group for use by another group.

Cerdic Logan of Anglesey. Name.

This name is two steps from period practice. First, it uses the Old English name Cerdic with Middle English bynames. Second, we have been unable to find documentation for the name Cerdic later than the mid 6th C. This means there is a more than 500 year gap between it and the earliest dates found for the bynames. His armory was registered under the holding name Cerdic of Atenveldt.

Macsen Maelgwn. Name change from William Hazell.

Both elements of this name were documented to the 6th century and before. Old Welsh names should use the patronymic marker mab; there is no evidence of the 16th C practice of dropping the patronymic marker from a name in the 6th C. However, the submitter will not accept major changes such as the addition of an element. Therefore, we are forced to return this name.

Shalon MacNeil. Name.

This name combines a Hebrew given name and a Scots patronymic; names combining non-Biblical Hebrew names with Scots were ruled unregisterable in September 2005. While the name Shalon is found in an Italian document, the name is Hebrew in origin and does not appear as a name in non-Jewish populations in Italy. As such, we must consider this a Hebrew name. As we have no evidence that Shalon is Biblical in origin, it is not registerable with a Scots name element. If the submitter is interested in this given name, we suggest that he register it with a Hebrew or Italian byname. Her armory was registered under the holding name Shalon of Atenveldt.

Wilhelm Gebauer Von Stadt Könisberg. Name.

No documentation was included and none found that the word Stadt, meaning "city", was used as an element in compound bynames in German. Although cities are often referred to as Stadt Cityname, bynames formed from city names are formed from the city name without the added element stadt. We would drop this element, but the submitter will not allow major changes. There are a few additional minor issues with the name: the locative preposition von should be written in all lowercase instead of the submitted mixed case. Also, the locative Könisberg appears to be a misspelling of the town Königsberg. In resubmitting, the form Wilhelm Gebauer von Königsberg should be registerable.

Zephyr Evanovich. Device. Per fess Or and sable, a pair of handprints gules and a satyr "leaping" affronty maintaining a cup bendwise inverted Or.

This is returned for a redraw of the satyr and the line of division. The satyr's legs are not in a blazonable posture. In addition, the placement of the line of division blurs the distinction between per fess and a chief. The fess line should be drawn somewhat lower so it is across the center of the shield. If this is intended to be handprints on a chief, the line of division should be drawn higher. There was also some difficulty in identifying the cup; please advise the submitter to draw it more clearly on resubmission. The use of handprints is unattested in period heraldry and their use in SCA armory is at least one step from period practice. The submitter should address this issue if he resubmits handprints rather than using hands (which are attested period charges). An issue of possible conflict with the trademark for Bodyglove was raised during commentary. The handprints on this emblazon are not close enough to the single hand used by Bodyglove to be a problem.

Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy

c/o Linda Miku

2527 East 3rd Street, Tucson AZ 85716

brickbat@nexiliscom.com

atensubmissions.nexiliscom.com


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