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Kingdom of Atenveldt
Heraldic Submissions Page

(administered by the Brickbat Herald)


Unto Their Royal Edward and Asa; Duchess Elzbieta, Aten Principal Herald; the Heralds in the Atenveldt College of Heralds; and to All Whom These Presents Come,

Greetings from Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy, Parhelium Herald!

This is the December 2009 Atenveldt Letter of Presentation. It precedes the external Letter of Intent (and it's itty-bitty!) that will contain the following submissions that are presented here, asking questions of submitters and local heralds who have worked with them; if these questions are not addressed, the submission may be returned by the Atenveldt College of Heralds. I accept online commentary, in addition to questions pertaining to heraldry and consultation. You can send commentary to me privately at or join “Atenveldt Submissions Commentary” at Yahoo! ( ) and post there. (Any commentary is likely be included in the next month's Letter of Presentation so that all may learn from it, and we can see how additional documentation or comments may have influenced a submission.) Please have commentary to me by 10 January 2010.

Heraldry Hut: There was no meeting in December. The next one is scheduled for Friday, 15 January 2010.

Submissions Website: You can send electronic commentary on the most recent internal LoIs through the site, in addition to any questions you might have. Current submission forms (the ONLY forms that can be used) can be found on the site. Please let your local populace know about the site, too:

Atenveldt Submissions Results: Holy Guacamole Again! Results from the May 2009, June 2009 and July 2009 Letters of Intent are found at the end of this report.

Please consider the following submissions for the January 2010 Atenveldt Letter of Intent:

Lora of Four Paws (Ered Sul): NEW NAME

The name is English. Lora is dated to 1349-1350 in “Feminine Given Names from Kent, 1302-1363,” AElfwyn aet Gyrwum ( ). The byname is based on previously-registered SCA placenames such as Four Mountains, and household names such as Four Pheons and Four Winds. (Interestingly, the English surname Paw and Powe come from the OE pāwa, “peacock,” Reaney and Wilson, s.n. Paw.) The client desires a female name, is most interested in the spelling of the name and would like to have it authentic for the 14th C.

The following submissions appear in the December 2009 Atenveldt Letter of Intent:

This month's commentary is provided by Maridonna Benvenuti [MB] and Marta [MMM].

Aleyd Czypsser (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE: Ermine, in dexter chief a phoenix gules.

Maridonna Benvenuti notes: “Dictionary of German Names by H. Bahlow (Eedda Gentry translation), p 636, s.n. Zips, Zipser: from pl.n. Zips in Silesia or Zips near Pegnitz in Bavaria, also from the Zips area in Hungary; Martin Czypser [Gorlitz] 1475, [Brunn] 1402. Names in brackets [ ] I believe to be Bahlow's sources. Josef K. Brechenmacher, 'Etymologisches Woerterbuch der deutschen Familiennamen', p. 863, s.n. Zipser gives Martin Zcypser in 1475. I believe the source is Gorlitz. There is also a Martin Zipser from Alseben in 1581. I have no idea what the name would be in Slovakian, although we do have docs for a German spelling.

“I found a book when plugging in the Latin name of Zips, "Scepusium", which is Monumenta Vaticana, Acta Inncoenti VI, Pontificis Romani 1352-1362, Pragae 1907. Page 627, under Scepusium gives three spellings, ung. [Hungarian] Szepes, b. [Bohemian] Špiž, German g. [German] Zips. Square brackets are my additions. Spiz has what look like smiley things over the letters, and I don't know what they are called. (I do Italian remember?) The PDF doesn't show them clearly.” [MB]

Ascelina Alánn ingen Ailella (Twin Moons): BADGE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, August 2009: (Fieldless) On a flame gules a bat-winged unicorn rampant argent, breathing flames Or.

This is clear of Dorren of Ashwell, (Fieldless) On a flame proper, a heart argent., with 1 CD for fieldlessness and 1 CD for making the flame all gules rather than roughly half gules and half Or for the proper one used by Dorren.

Marceau de Valcourt (Twin Moons): BADGE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, July 2009: Sable, semy of dumbeks Or, two women vested statant respectant maintaining between them a brazier argent flammant proper.

The name was registered July 2001/

The previous submisison, Sable, semy of dumbeks Or, two women vested statant respectant maintaining between them a brazier argent flammant proper, on a chief Or three cups purpure., was returned for a complexity count of eleven, with five tinctures (sable, Or, argent, gules, purpure) and six types of charge (dumbeck, brazier, flame, person, chief, cup); because the semy of charges on the field are not recognizable (not possible to tell if the depicted charges are drums or chalices/goblets, causing the submission to violate section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submission, which says "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance"; and because it violates the "sword and dagger" rule (as ruled in the March 2007 LoAR: While it is acceptable to use the same charge as both a primary (or secondary) charge and a tertiary charge, using a similar charge is not acceptable for exactly the reasons discussed in the September 1993 Cover Letter. We hereby overturn the February 2003 precedent and restore the September 1993 precedent. Due to the armorial identification problems caused by using similar but not identical charges in two different charge groups, this practice is no longer allowed. The use of identical charges as both a primary (or secondary) charge and a tertiary charge is allowed. [Desiderata Drake, March 2007, R-Æthelmearc]), as the dumbecks on the field and the chalices on the chief are too similar in appearance, though not identical, and thus violate this rule. Dropping the charge chief reduces the complexity count to nine (sable, Or, argent, gules; dumbek, brazier, flame, person); while this is one “over” the usual count of eight, the design has been markedly simplified, as the small amount of gules used in the flames helps the identifiability of the charge. Removing the charged chief also resolves the too similar chalices/dumbeks issue.

Meadhbh ni Dhubhthaigh (Mons Tonitrus): BADGE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, July 2009: Sable, a tankard Or, foamed argent between in chief five gouts in chevron Or.
The name was registered August 1999.

The previous submission, blazoned as Sable, a tankard Or, foamed argent and in chief five gouts in chevron Or., in the March 2009 Atenveldt Letter of Intent, was reblazoned as Sable, a tankard Or foamed argent and in chief five gouts in arch Or., by the College of Arms, and was returned for “violating our ban on having charges in arch. This practice is disallowed by precedent: "This device must be returned for using an arch of charges, a practice long forbidden in SCA heraldry." [01/2005 Atlantia R-Timothy of Shaftesbury].”. The badge has been redrawn, with the gouts set at a much sharper pitch to show that they are in chevron, not in arch. The jointly-registered badge of Uther the Dark and Christopher FitzArthur of Walland Marsh, Per fess sable and gules, a winged stag segreant argent between in chief six mullets in chevron Or., using the same arrangement of multiple charges in chief, was registered June 2007 with no comment.

Nefastus Maximus Antipater (Sundragon): NEW NAME

Further consultation with the client: he wishes to have the submission sent up “as is,” maintaining no Major Changes allowed. [MMM]

Perin de la Serena (Tir Ysgithr): NEW BADGE: (Fieldless) A cinquefoil argent within and conjoined to an annulet vert.

There is no difference granted between a cinquefoil and a rose. Still, this should be clear of Çinara Suberria, (Fieldless) A cherry blossom within and conjoined to an annulet argent., with 1 CD for fieldlessness and one CD for tincture of the annulet; Martin Luther, (Fieldless) A rose argent seeded of a heart gules charged with a Latin cross sable., with 1 CD for fieldlessness, 1 CD for the addition of the annulet and 1 CD for removal of the tertiary charge; An Tir, Kingdom of, (Fieldless) A rose argent, barbed and seeded, slipped and leaved, proper., with 1 CD for fieldlessness and 1 CD for the addition of the annulet; York, House of, (Fieldless) A rose argent., with 1 CD for fieldlessness and 1 CD for addition of the annulet; and Edward IV of England, (Fieldless) A rose en soleil argent., with 1 CD for fieldlessness and 1 CD for the addition of the annulet.

Perin de la Serena (Tir Ysgithr): NEW HOUSEHOLD NAME “House of the Dancing Goats” and NEW HOUSEHOLD BADGE

Azure, a goat clymant contourny and a chief argent.

The name was registered December 2002.

The household name is English, based on English inn signs. Dancing is defined as the action of the verb dance, “to leap, skip, spring or move up and down, with continuously recurring movement, from excitement or strong emotion. Said also of the lively skipping and prancing of animals, and of the heart, the blood in the veins, etc.”. A 1530 citation says “Then should ye dance as a bear,” referring to animals taught to perform certain regular movements. Goats are noted as far back in English writing as c. 700, although the COED notes a wide variety of spellings and that spellings could go so far as to distinguish between does/females (geats) and bucks/males (goats). Various spellings show goate in 1525, goats in 1601 and goates in 1628.

In February 2002, “Inn of the Weeping Unicorn” was registered to Kathryn atte Unicorn with the following commentary: There was mixed opinion regarding whether "Weeping Unicorn" fit the pattern of inn sign names. Pertinent precedents are: [Avram Ibn Gabirol. Household name for House of the Wandering Dragon] Despite what was stated on the LoI, Wandering Dragon, does not follow the pattern of inns such as House of the White Hart. A white hart could be painted on an inn sign and be identifiable as such, a "wandering dragon" could not. Barring documentation of participles of this sort being used for inn names, this must be returned. (Jaelle of Armida, LoAR March 1998, p. 21); [House Open Hearth] No documentation was given to show that Open Hearth was a reasonable inn or sign name. Sign names of the form <adjective> <noun> tend to have adjectives that can be easily displayed on a sign. "Open" is not such an adjective when applied to hearths. [Jared the Potter and Sajah bint Habushun ibn Ishandiyar al-Hajjaj, 11/99, R-Atlantia] As weeping was documented as meaning 'crying' in period, and a weeping unicorn is an image that could be visually depicted on a sign, this name is registerable.”

The use of a multiple items in an inn sign name is found in “English Sign Names,” Mari Elspeth nic Bryan ( ), as Ursi (“bears,” a letter referring to the end being written in Latin), 1425-6; Sevensterre. 1355 and Seuesterrys, 1379 (Seven Stars); Croskeyes, 1610; Horns (may be standardized spelling), temp. James I. All that being said, the client is amenable to changes if necessary, to the point of accepting the very simple “House of the Goat.”

In regard to blazoning the beast as a goar clymant: “Some commenters suggested that clymant was not a correct blazon and that these goats should be reblazoned as salient. This is an erroneous suggestion, as clymant may be used as a synonym for either salient or rampant goats. Parker's A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry defines clymant as "salient, applied to the goat", and, under goat, he notes that "[clymant] may be used for either salient or rampant." It is thus acceptable to use the term clymant to refer to a goat which is either rampant or salient. [Christophe de Lorraine, 11/03, A-Atenveldt]”.

Sara Blackthorne (Atenveldt): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, September 2009: Argent, on a heart gules a key fesswise reversed argent and in chief a staff fesswise entwined by a thorn vine sable.

The name was registered December 2008.

The previous submission with the identical blazon, Argent, on a heart gules a key fesswise reversed argent and in chief a staff fesswise entwined by a thorn vine sable., was returned for violating section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions, which says "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." “The charge group in chief is not at all recognizable. Were it drawn to match the staff entwined of a vine registered to her husband, William Griffin Blackthorne, it would be registerable through the Grandfather Clause. Properly drawn, the device is clear of the device of Thomas Heath, Argent, on a heart gules, a unicorn passant regardant argent. There is a CD for the addition of the charges in chief and a CD, under section X.4.j.i of the Rules for Submission, for the change of type and orientation of the tertiary charge.” The emblazon has been redrawn.

The following submissions were registered by the S.C.A. College of Arms at its September 2009 meetings:

Aodhan of Twin Moons. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Lozengy gules and Or, a smith's hammer surmounted by a key bendwise wards to base sable.

Submitted under the name Aodhan McKie.

Aodhan of Twin Moons. Badge. (Fieldless) A smith's hammer surmounted by a key bendwise wards to base sable.

Bernard d'Acre. Name and device. Erminois, a tower vert and a bordure per saltire sable and gules.

Nice 13th C French name!

Carolina Nanni. Name and badge. Azure, four swords in cross hilts to center proper within an annulet of rope Or.

This badge is clear of the device of Brodhir MacDathi, Azure, four daggers in cross, hilts to center, within a bordure wavy Or. There is a CD for the change from a bordure wavy to an annulet of rope, and a CD for the change from entirely Or weapons to proper weapons. Bladed hand weapons proper are argent hilted Or, which is considered to be mostly argent.

Coilean Mac Caiside. Badge. (Fieldless) A Byzantine chess-board checkered argent and sable.

Submitted as an annulet checky argent and sable, the submitter had requested that this be blazoned as a Byzantine chess board. The LoI provided no documentation, beyond a mention on a website, of the game. Documentation is required because this would be the first registration of this charge. Commenters provided a copy of an article from The British Chess Magazine on this game, which took its citations from the Cotton Cleopatra B.ix MS, with the relevant section dated to about 1280. Therefore, we are able to blazon this charge as a Byzantine chess-board. The checkering, with radially disposed divisions crossing concentric circles, is part of the definition of the charge. Without that, it is merely a roundel pierced.

Fiona inghean Mheg Uidhir. Device. Vert, a cow statant and in chief three annulets enfiled by an arrow fesswise reversed Or.
Gavine Kerr. Name and device. Per bend sinister wavy sable and Or, two wolf's heads erased contourny counterchanged.
Johannes Cunctator. Name and device. Per chevron throughout gules and Or, two arrows inverted in chevron Or and a roundel per fess embowed counterembowed argent and sable.

John Ailewrde. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as John Ailewurde, the byname Ailewurde was documented from a genealogical website "The Family Surname" (, which says that Ailewurde appears in Domesday Book. This is an error; the spelling which in fact appears in Domesday Book is Ailewrde. We have changed the name to John Ailewrde to match the form which actually appears in dated records.

Kateryn de Grey of Anwik. Name.

It was previously ruled that the use of two marked locative bynames, one using de and one using of, in English is not registerable: 'Submitted as Stephen de Montfort of Huntington, no evidence was found that a name consisting of two locative bynames, both containing the prepositions de or of, is plausible in English. In cases of English names with what seems to be two locative bynames, the first is almost certainly an inherited surname and the second is a true locative. We have, therefore, dropped de in order to follow this pattern and register the name. [Stephen Montfort of Huntington, 01/02, A-Caid]'

In October 2003, this precedent was partially overturned when evidence was provided for English names recorded in Latin with two locative bynames, both using de. In commentary on the present submission, Blue Anchor provides examples which allow us to wholly overturn the January 2002 precedent: 'I was busy working on my Wakefield Manor names project when I stumbled on Robert de Hiperom of Rothewell, 1352. This is on pp. 101, 104 of The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield: October 1350 to September 1352, edited by Moira Habberjam, Mary O'Regan and Brian Hale, published 1987 by the Yorkshire Archaeological Society. This volume is translated from Latin to English. The translators do discuss how they handle translating names, but don't discuss this specific case. But this looks like an example of this form in the mid-14th C. Oh, and then p. 29 of the same volume has John de Irland of Flotten.'

These examples show that, while rare, the pattern <given name> de <place name> of <place name> can be found in late-period English, which allows us to register the name as submitted.

Ruadhán mac Aoidh. Name and device. Sable, a wagon wheel and on a chief argent three hourglasses sable.

Sankt Vladimir, College of. Badge. (Fieldless) A spear sable surmounted by an open book argent, winged gules, inscribed with the words "Ex obscuro, Lux; E studio Dementia" sable.

There are enough characters that the words are considered artistic detail, worth no difference, by precedent: “The question becomes, when does the writing become so small that it cannot be read? In general, more that 10 or 11 letters on a single primary charge will be considered unreadable and will not count for difference; for a secondary charge (or multiple primary charges) this number will be reduced due to the smaller size of the books. More than two or three letters on a tertiary charge will be too small to read. In SCA arms, such small writing will not be blazoned. [Eibhlín inghean uí Chiaráin, January 2007, R-Atlantia]” In this case, we will blazon the words, since they seem to be important to the submitter.

Tabitha Whitewolf. Device. Gules, a wolf rampant queue-forchy argent between three sets of four hearts each conjoined in saltire points to center Or.

Torin Makepath. Device. Azure, a bend wavy cotised argent between a rooster rising and a pawprint Or.

The rooster was blazoned as crowing on the LoI, but no documentation for that blazon was provided on the LoI and none was found by the commenters. The posture is sufficiently close to rising that we can register it in that posture.

The use of a pawprint is a step from period practice.

Wulfgar de Scy. Name.

Submitted as Wulfgar of Skye, this combined an Old English given name with a Scots spelling of a place name dated to 1610. Names combining Old English and Scots are not registerable. Academy of Saint Gabriel Report #2196 dates Scy to 1266, and Johnston, The Place-Names of Scotland, s.n. Skye dates Skey to 1292. These are both Scoto-Norman or Latin spellings of the place name, and can be registered with Wulfgar, which dates as late as 1030. However, the appropriate preposition is Scoto-Norman or Latin de, not English of. Of the two spellings, Scy is more likely to be pronounced like Skye than Skey. It is also more temporally compatible with Wulfgar, so we have opted to change the byname to this spelling.

Ysabel de Rouen. Device. Per pale argent and sable, a cauldron and in chief two fleurs-de-lys counterchanged, the cauldron atop a base azure charged with a needle fesswise reversed argent.

Please instruct the submitter to draw a bigger cauldron.

The following submissions were returned by the College of Arms for further work, September 2009:

Aodhan McKie. Name.

This conflicts with Aidan Mackay; the given names are variants of each other, and they are pronounced similarly. The bynames are also not significantly different in sound. Please advise the submitter that if he wishes to resubmit with the same byname, per the September 2007 Cover Letter the abbreviation Mc- needs to be expanded to Mac-, e.g., MacKie. His device and badge have been registered under the holding name Aodhan of Twin Moons.

Christiana Gaston Dax. Name change from Christiane Dax.

This is returned for lack of documentation for the pattern <patronymic byname> + <unmarked locative byname> in Occitan, the language in which both Gaston and Dax were documented. We would add the preposition de to make the second byname a marked locative, de Dax, but the submitter does not allow major changes, such as adding an element.

Gawayn Langknyfe. Device. Per bend sinister sable and gules, a bull-headed human with bull's hoofs vested of a loincloth per bend Or and argent between in bend a battle axe Or and a battle axe argent.

This device is returned because the primary charge is not recognizable. The monster's horns were drawn here to blend with the body, in such a way that they could not be distinguished. If any charge's identifying features are not readily seen, that charge is not identifiable, and thus not registerable.

Blazoned on the LoI as a minotaur, the monster drawn here fits neither the Classical Greek nor the medieval definition of the term. The Classical Greek minotaur of antiquity was drawn on pottery as a man with a bull's head; by medieval times, the minotaur was depicted as a centaur-like monster with a bull's body, a man's torso, and occasionally bull's horns from the man's head. This is neither. The head is not a bull's head (though it has bull's horns and ears), and the hind legs have cloven hooves, so it is not a Classical Greek minotaur; and it has a human body and legs, not a bull's body, so it's not a medieval minotaur. Please instruct the submitter that any resubmission including a minotaur should use a period depiction of the monster, drawn in a period style.

John Ailewrde. Device. Per pale vert and gules, in pale three wolves dormant argent.

This device is returned for conflict with the device of Derrick of Kent, Per chevron enhanced gules and sable, in base in pale three wolves couchant argent. There is a CD for the field, but Derrick's line of division is nearly at the top of the field and the wolves in that design fill most of the field, as do the ones in John's submission. There is no difference granted for the change from couchant to dormant.

Phelan Ó Coileáin. Badge. Sable, a cross alisée gules fimbriated argent.

This badge is returned for conflict with the badge for the Order of the Knights Templars, (Fieldless) A Latin cross formy gules. There is a CD for the field vs. a fieldless design, but we grant no difference for fimbriation, we do not grant difference between a Latin cross and a cross not so elongated, and we do not grant difference for embowing the ends of the arms.

It is also returned for conflict with the device of Ivan the Astronomer, Per fess wavy argent and gules, in canton a cross patty gules, with a CD for the field. A cross patty is another name for a cross formy, so there is no difference in type. The cross in Ivan's device is forced out of the default position in the center of the field. By precedent, we do not assume that it moves to a particular place: [returning Sable, in chief a dragon couchant Or and a gore Or papellony gules for conflict with Sable, a dragon dormant Or] There is a CD for adding the gore; however, the gore forces the dragon to move and thus there is not a CD for the position of the dragon. RfS X.4.g states "Changing the relative position of charges in any group placed directly on the field or overall is one clear difference, provided that the change is not caused by other changes in the design." Adding the gore forces the dragon to move, thus its location cannot grant CD. [Miklos Temesvari, October 2006, R-East]

Please inform the submitter that any further submissions of this style of cross, here called a cross alisée, which resembles a cross patty/formy with the notches cut out of a roundel, rather than a delf, must be accompanied by documentation that it is a period cross or a period artistic motif. While we have registered this cross in the past, it has been fifteen years since the last registration, in which time our standards have become more rigorous. The only known place that this form of cross is found is in Elvin's Dictionary of Heraldry. Without more reliable evidence of its period use, we rule the cross alisée (also called the cross formy convex) unregisterable.

Sara Blackthorne. Device. Argent, on a heart gules a key fesswise reversed argent and in chief a staff fesswise entwined by a thorn vine sable.

This device is returned for violating section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions, which says "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." The charge group in chief is not at all recognizable. Were it drawn to match the staff entwined of a vine registered to her husband, William Griffin Blackthorne, it would be registerable through the Grandfather Clause. Properly drawn, the device is clear of the device of Thomas Heath, Argent, on a heart gules, a unicorn passant regardant argent. There is a CD for the addition of the charges in chief and a CD, under section X.4.j.i of the Rules for Submission, for the change of type and orientation of the tertiary charge.

Wolfgar beytill. Name.

The byname beytill was ruled unregisterable in January 2006: The byname, beytill--"horse-penis" or "banger/pounder"--is offensive per RfS IV.1 which says "Pornographic or scatological terms will not be registered. Obscene terminology, sexually explicit material, bathroom or toilet humor, etc. are considered inherently offensive by a large segment of the Society and general population." There is some merit to the argument that beytill is a species of plant that resembles a horse's member, including the definition in Richard Cleasby's, An Icelandic English Dictionary. However, two other reasonably scholarly sources give it the meanings listed above, Haraldsson, The Old Norse Name, and Finnur Jónsson: "Tilnavnene i den islandske Oldlitteratur" in Aarbøger for nordisk oldkyndighed og historie 1907 vol. 22. Some commenters argued that, because the name was in a language that few SCA members understand, the sexual reference would go unnoticed and hence the name would not be offensive. This argument carries some weight. However, the rule does not make exceptions for "offensive terms in the SCA lingua anglica". We apply the same rules to non-English languages for documentation, construction, and grammar; we must, therefore, apply the same standards in matters of offensive [sic]. The rule doesn't say that the Society has to understand it, but strongly suggests that the very nature of the name is what makes it offensive, and once the translation is made known, the name itself would be inherently offensive to a large segment of the Society. [Finnr beytill, Atlantia-R, LoAR 01/2006]

The following submissions were registered by the S.C.A. College of Arms at its October 2009 meetings:

al-Yasamin bint Malik. Name.

Submitted as Yasmeen bint Malik, the only documentation provided for the variant spelling Yasmeen was a reference to a previous registration, from 1985. Past registration is no guarantee of current registerability, especially when the previous registration was made nearly 25 years ago. Several Middle Eastern forms of Jasmine are listed in Whitcher and Uckelman, "Concerning the Names Jasmine, Yasmin, Yasaman, and the Like", including Arabic al-Y{a-}sam{i-}n, Turkish Yasemin, and Persian Y{a-}saman. None of these forms omit the intervocalic syllable, so it is unlikely that Yasmeen is a plausible period variant. The submitter cares most about Arabic language/culture, which means that the form al-Y{a-}sam{i-}n, or al-Yasamin without the long vowels marked, is most appropriate. We have changed the name to al-Yasamin bint Malik in order to register it.

Since Malik is on the List of Alternate Titles as the approved Arabic alternate title for 'king', there was some question whether the byname bint Malik is presumptuous. It is not. Precedent says: Malik 'Abd al­Rahman. Name. This was pended from the April 1997 LoAR for more information as to whether the name was presumptuous. While Malik (in the original Arabic) is a documented name, one of the transliterations of the Arabic word for king is transliterated in the same way. To answer this question, we quote al-Jamal: “. . .the grammar of Arabic would keep the name Malik `Abd al­Rahman from being considered a claim to being an `Abd al Rahman who was a king. A "King `Abd al­Rahman" would be al-Malik `Abd al­Rahman; the king `Abd al­Rahman. The non­use of the article here takes the name out of the realm of presumption. (Even addressing the king directly would use the article: not Ya malik ("oh, king"), but Ya al-Malik (the effective equivalent of "your Majesty"). Only when speaking of kings generally or impersonally would one drop the definite article.) All of the Arabic alternate titles work this way. For example, in the SCA I am not Shayk Da'ud or Mu'allim Da'ud. The proper usage is ash-Shayk Da'ud or al-Mu'allim Da'ud. Ansteorra's current king is not Sultan (or Malik) `Abd al­Mahdi, he is as-Sultan (or al-Malik) `Abd al­Mahdi.” Having received assurance that the name is not presumptuous, we see no reason not to register it. [08/1997]

Without the definite article al- before Malik, the byname cannot be interpreted as 'daughter of the king', so it is not presumptuous.

Anerain Pabodie. Name and device. Gyronny of six palewise sable and argent, on a chief gules a griffin contourny Or.
Submitted as Aneirin Peaboadie, Aneirin was documented as a 13th C spelling of the name of a 6th C Welsh poet. No evidence was provided that this name was still in use during the 13th C, and lacking such evidence, a 13th C spelling is not registerable. A similar name, Anerain, is dated to 1292 in Francis Jones, "The Subsidy of 1292 [covering Abergavenny and Cilgerran]", Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, 13.
No documentation was provided, and none could be found by the commenters, that Peaboadie is a plausible variant spelling of the English byname Peabody, at any period. The submitter indicated that if Peaboadie wasn't registerable, he preferred the spelling Pabodie. This spelling can be found in the IGI Parish Record extracts, in the entries of Margaret Pabodie, mar. Nicholas Belche, 01 Dec. 1588, St. Mary Somerset, London, and Richarde Pabodie, mar. Margaret Harison, 11 Nov. 1582, St. Mary Somerset, London.
We have changed the name to Anerain Pabodie in order to register it.

Bartholomew of Wolfetwain. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a tree issuant from a wooden bucket all proper.

Carolina Nanni. Device. Or, on a pomme a sunflower proper, a bordure sable.

Cathán Ultaig. Name.
Submitted as Cathán Ultaig, the LoI documented the compound given name Cú Cathán on the basis of the numerous Cú X given names found in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals", specifically the example of Cú Ríán, which apparently uses the masculine given name Ríán as the second element. Rowel provides further information about Cú X given names:
In <Cú [X]> style names, the overwhelming majority of the [X] elements are geographical references: either formal placenames (such as <Cú Muman> 'hound [of] Munster') or toponymic descriptions (such as <Cú Lacha> 'hound [of the] Lake'). (It is important to note that, in both of these examples, the word following <Cú> is in the genitive case. The nominative form for 'Munster' is <Muma> and the nominative form for 'Lake' is <Loch>.)
So far, I've only found two examples where the [X] in a <Cú [X]> style name could even possibly be a man's given name and in both cases that origin is actually pretty unlikely.
One name (<Cú Dubhán>) is a standard diminutive of an existing name (<Cú Dubh>), and so cannot be reliably viewed as support for this construction; it's probable that it is merely a diminutive of the existing name.
The other name (<Cú Ríáin>) has a final element that is hard to pin down.
The experts are split on it's [sic] origin. Some assert that it means "<Ríán>'s hound". However, per the DIL gives the genitive of <rian> as <rein> - but that does not match the genitives found in The Annals of the Four Masters. Some sources assert the second element in <Cú Ríáin> derives from a form of <righ> 'king'.
So, the root of the second element may be a given name but it at least as probable (or more so) that it is a conjugated form of a regular word. A number of <Cú [X]> names are formed from locatives, so it is also possible that the root is some form of a formal placename.
Given this information, I have to unfortunately conclude that we don't have solid evidence that period <Cú [X]> style names would be formed based on a man's given name.
Lacking such evidence, Cú Cathán is not registerable. The simple given name Cathán is, however; it is dated between 914 and 1036 in Mari's article cited above. We have changed the name to _Cathán Ultaig in order to register it.

Cerdic of Anglesey. Name change from holding name Cerdic of Atenveldt and badge. (Fieldless) A triskele per pale sable and argent.

The byname of Anglesey is a lingua anglica form of the byname æt Angles ege. Angles ege is dated as a late 11th C, Old English form in Bosworth Toller, Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, s.n. Angles eg.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the arms of the triskele somewhat more substantially, so that it is more easily recognized.

David of Mons Tonitrus. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Argent, a rapier bendwise surmounted by a fleur-de-lys azure.

Submitted under the name David Maurice.

Galen MacKintoch. Device. Sable, a bend vert fimbriated Or, in sinister chief a sinister wing with a hand issuant sustaining a sword bendwise argent.

Ívarr haukr. Name.
The submitter requested authenticity for 10th C Viking/Old Norse. While we have not found any examples of haukr 'hawk' being used as a byname, there are many examples of bird bynames in Landnámabók, which covers the late 9th C through the early 11th C, including kráka 'crow', sp{o,}rr 'sparrow', hani 'rooster', hegri 'heron', Hrafna- 'raven-', Kaða- 'hen-', korpr 'corbie', pái 'peacock', skarfr 'cormorant', titlingr 'sparrow', and {o,}rn 'eagle'. Thus, haukr seems completely plausible for his desired period.

Mirhaxa av Morktorn. Reblazon of badge. Or, a tower sable within seven mullets in annulo vert.

Blazoned when registered, in February 1981, as Or, a tower sable with seven mullets in annulo vert, we have specified the relative position of the tower and annulets.

Nora Rose Tennepenny. Name and device. Per chevron purpure and Or, two horseshoes inverted Or and a thistle proper.

Submitted as Norah Rose Tenpenny, no documentation was provided, and none could be found, that Norah is a period spelling. The spelling Nora is found in English; Nora is dated to 1379 in Bardsley, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames, s.n. Manning, and Edelweiss cites from the IGI Parish Record abstracts Nora Bernardi, bap. 15 Oct. 1578, Landewednack, Cornwall, and Nora Irish mar. Cornwall Denys, 25 Jan. 1562, East Newlyn, Cornwall, as well as William Tennepenny bap. 02 March 1549, Holt, Worcestershire.

The submitter requested authenticity (for an unspecified language/culture). No dated examples of Tenpenny were provided on the LoI; we have changed the name to Nora Rose Tennepenny to make the name authentic for 16th C English.

Commenters noted that the black and white emblazon and the colored emblazon were different. While section V.B.2.e of the Administrative Handbook, requires "an accurate representation of each piece of submitted armory," it goes on to say that "The colored copy must be a scan of the original," without mentioning that the black and white must be. The colored emblazon appears to be a scan of the submission form. While there are minor differences between the emblazons, they fall well within the realm of artistic license.

Zhigmun' Broghammer. Badge. (Fieldless) An ermine spot azure ermined Or.

By precedent, ermine spots are considered to be a single charge for purposes of a fieldless design:

The ermine spot is considered a single charge, and is acceptable for fieldless badges [Eduard Halidai, July, 1992, pg. 3]

Zhigmun' Broghammer. Badge. (Fieldless) A sinister wing with a bird's foot issuant azure maintaining an ermine spot Or.

The following submissions were returned by the College of Arms October 2009 for further work:

Charles of the Jacs. Badge. Per chevron inverted throughout ployé embattled sable and argent, in chief in pale a cubit arm issuant from sinister proper and a she-monkey statant affronty, arms raised, fesswise Or.

This badge is returned because it is not blazonable, as required by section VII.7.b of the Rules for Submissions, which says "Any element used in Society armory must be describable in standard heraldic terms so that a competent heraldic artist can reproduce the armory solely from the blazon." The field is not per chevron inverted throughout, which would issue from much higher on the sides of the field. Per chevron lines of division, in period, were drawn to evenly divide the field into two parts of roughly the same area.

This badge is also returned for obtrusive modernity. Throwing a monkey-wench into the gears, while a fine pun, is not a suitable basis for period armorial style. One commenter also noted that she found the design offensive, being an allusion to masturbation.

Last, this badge is also returned for being non-period style, a violation of section I.1.b of the Rules for Submissions. The use of multiple complex lines on the field division, the fesswise orientation of the monkey, the awkwardness in blazon to describe the position of the charges, and the overall pictorial design all contribute to this impression.

David Maurice. Name.

This conflicts with Dafydd Morrison. The given names Dafydd and David are not significantly different in sound. The bynames Maurice and Morrison are likewise not significantly different; Maurice and Morris are negligibly different in sound, and per RfS V.1.ii.a, the addition of -son to a given name is not a significant difference in sound. His device has been registered under the holding name David of Mons Tonitrus.

Giles Chadwik Richardson. Badge. Per pale argent and azure, a tower sable.

This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Geoffrey Geometer, Barry wavy argent and azure, a tower issuant from base sable, and the device of Harold Breakstone, Or, a castle triple-towered sable, pennants flotant to sinister vert. In both cases, there is a single CD for the field. In the case of Harold's device, we grant no difference between a castle and a tower. The badge is also returned for conflict with the badge of Ofelia della Crusca, (Fieldless) A tower sable masoned Or maintaining a unicorn's head issuant from its turrets argent, and the badge of Torric inn Björn, (Fieldless) A tower sable masoned Or maintaining a brown bear's head issuant from its turrets proper, both reblazoned elsewhere on this letter. In both cases, the maintained head does not count for difference, leaving a single CD for the difference between a fielded and a fieldless design. Masoning does not count for difference on charges which are normally constructed out of stone, such as towers and castles. The submitted badge does not conflict with the device of Peregrine Anorial of the Further Isles, Gyronny Or and azure, a brown sandstone tower proper, portaled and lighted Or. There is a CD for the field. There is another CD for the difference between brown and black, even though the tinctures are indexed together in the Ordinary and Armorial.

Lorelei of Lockehaven. Augmentation. Per pale azure and Or, a candle argent, sconced sable, enflamed Or, "haloed" argent, the whole fimbriated counterchanged and as an augmentation in canton a sun in splendor Or.

This augmentation is returned because the arms to which it is attached are a change to her currently registered arms. A change of arms must be submitted as a separate action and fees paid for it. Specifically, in her registered device, the flame on her candle is proper, not Or.

This augmentation is also returned because the argent halo around the flame of the candle is not blazonable. The argent halo does not appear in her registered emblazon and is, therefore, not grandfathered to her.

Precedent on submissions of augmentations says:

"This is returned as the base device is being changed as well as the augmentation, with the dragon's claws changing from in pall to in pall inverted, but no paperwork was received for the change of the unaugmented device. This was intended to be solely a change in augmentation; however, as emblazoned, the submission also included a change in the base coat as well as the change in augmentation. These are two separate but not independent actions. If the submitter wishes this device, she will need to resubmit with a device change and an augmentation change. If she wishes to change only the augmentation, she will need to resubmit the augmentation change with the emblazon matching her currently registered base coat . . ." [Minowara Kiritsubo, April 2006, R-Atlantia]

Since this argent halo does not appear in her registered device and because the newly submitted emblazon has an Or flame, not a (pre-1985 style) proper flame, this submission must also be returned administratively, since a change of device was not also received. If the submitter wishes an Or flame on the candle, we must receive a change of device form. If the submitter wishes a proper flame, it may drawn either as on a flame, a flame or as alternating tongues of gules and Or flames, as the former depiction is grandfathered to her.

Please direct the submitter to the April 1995 Cover Letter, for an explanation and depictions of how period flames proper are drawn.

The following submissions were registered by the S.C.A. College of Arms, November 2009:

Adaleide de Warewic. Badge. (Fieldless) A tower per pale azure and gules.
Antoinette Isabeau du Dauphiné. Device. Azure, on a pale wavy sable fimbriated between two dolphins haurient respectant three fleurs-de-lys argent.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the dolphins with longer snouts and larger, more visible dorsal fins.

Dalla of the Misty Forest. Device change. Per pall argent, azure and vert, in pale a stag's attires sable and a tree argent.

Her previous device, Per pall argent, azure and vert, in pale an arrow fesswise sable and a tree argent, reblazoned elsewhere on this letter, is retained as a badge.

Dalla of the Misty Forest. Reblazon of badge. Per pall argent, azure and vert, in pale an arrow fesswise sable and a tree argent.

Her original device, converted to a badge, above, was blazoned when registered in August of 1991 as Per pall argent, azure and vert, in pale an arrow fesswise sable and a tree eradicated argent. The tree is not eradicated. Instead, it has the small bit of root system that one would expect from a default tree.

Elnor Howard. Name and device. Per fess azure and Or, three hawk's lures Or and a hawk striking gules.

Excellent 16th C English name!

Els Wolffleinin. Name and device. Azure, a bend sinister vert fimbriated between an otter statant and two escallops argent.

John Fair of Hawkwode. Device. Per bend sinister Or and argent, a bend sinister gules between a brown hawk close contourny guardant and three oak trees eradicated proper.

Nice cant! Please instruct the submitter to draw the oak trees with larger roots.

John Fair of Hawkwode. Badge. Vert, a hunting horn argent and in chief an arrow fesswise Or.

Tabitha de Pengelly. Name and device. Argent, three penguins statant affronty heads facing dexter sable bellied argent and on a chief purpure a domestic cat couchant Or.

The use of a penguin is a step from period practice.

Thome Spyle Syngere. Device. Per pale raguly sable and argent, a skeleton statant to sinister maintaining a recorder and a skeleton statant to dexter maintaining a lute, all counterchanged.

Tvoislava Michelovna. Badge. Per bend sinister argent and argent goutty de larmes, on a bend sinister azure three roses argent, in chief a threaded needle bendwise sinister inverted sable.

Please instruct the submitter to draw fewer, larger gouttes and to draw the roses larger, to better fill the available space.

Vésteinn Þorkelsson. Device. Gyronny arrondi gules and argent, a wolf passant sable within a bordure sable semy of Thor's hammers argent.

William the Recorder. Reblazon of device. Per bend sable and argent semy of delfs azure, a lightning flash bendwise argent.

Blazoned when registered, in January of 1976, as Per bend sable and argent delphy azure, in chief a lightning-bolt bendwise argent., the lightning bolt is actually the now-prohibited 'shazam' style of lightning bolt.

The following submission was returned by the College of Arms November 2009 for further work:


Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy

c/o Linda Miku

2527 East 3rd Street

Tucson AZ 85716

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