Kingdom of Atenveldt
30 December 2003, A.S. XXXVIII
Unto Francois la Flamme, Laurel King of Arms; Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, Pelican Queen of Arms; Zenobia Naphtali, Wreath Queen of Arms; and the commenting Members of the College of Arms,
Greetings of the Holiday Seasons from Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy, Brickbat Herald!
For the record, there was no November 2003 Atenveldt Letter of Intent. The Atenveldt College of Heralds requests the consideration and registration of the following names and armory with the College of Arms. Unless specifically stated, the submitter will accept spelling and grammar corrections; assistance in these areas is appreciated.
1. Amalric d'Acre: NEW NAME
Amalaric is a masculine Gothic given name and found in "Early Germanic Names from Primary Sources," Nicolaa de Bracton of Leicester ( http://members.tripod.com/nicolaa5/articles/german.html ). Amalric I and Amalric II were Kings of Jerusalem, c. 1167-1174 and c. 1197-1205 respectively ( http://www.bartleby.com/65/am/Amalric1.html and http://www.bartleby.com/65/am/Amalric2.html ). Note that the spellings are different from the Nicolaa citation.
d'Acre, "of Acre," is a locative surname found in "French Names from Two Thirteenth Century Chronicles," Arval Benicoeur (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/crusades/ ). The submitter wishes to have a 12th-14th C. Frankish name.
2. Amalric d'Acre: NEW DEVICE
Per chevron embattled vert and Or, two plates and a sheaf of arrows sable.
3. Avilina Andreu: NEW BADGE
Per bend sable and azure, two bones crossed in saltire surmounted by a skull argent and a badger rampant maintaining a mullet Or.
The name was registered December 2002.
The major issue here is whether the skull, bones and badger will all be considered primary charges; if this is the case, then there is a good chance that the submission will be returned for using three dissimilar charges in the same charge group (a skull and a mullet-holding badger would be acceptable, as there are only two primary charge types in the group). I would rather send this to the CoA as a whole and receive a ruling from Laurel on this in lieu of returning it at the kingdom level (the skull-and-crossbones always strike me as a "single" piratical charge, which is probably my reason for sending this submission on). I do note commentary for a submission by Ivo Blackhawk, Argent, two chevronels gules and overall an eagle displayed sable. clear of conflict with Manfred, King of Sicily (important non-SCA arms), Argent, an eagle displayed sable. This possible conflict was mentioned by some commenters for a variety of reasons. Laurel comments: "Which is the primary charge group in this device? In current SCA policy, overall charges are not primary charges. [italics mine] Their addition is considered a CD by RfS X.4.c, based on a period pattern of adding overall charges to a coat of arms to indicate cadency. Therefore, this device is clear of Manfred by adding the (underlying) primary charge group by RfS X.1." Ivo's submission was registered January 2002. If this is the case, then there are only two primary charge types in the primary charge group, the crossed bones and the badger, which eliminates the "slot machine" issue of the primary charges.
Knute Hvitabjörn's internal commentary should also be considered: [The overall charge] is not truly "overall" since it does not evenly overlie the charges on the field. (LoAR 26 Feb 89, p. 16) Precedents - Alisoun, under Overall Charge. The primary charge group consists of the crossed bones AND the badger. Argent skull and argent crossbones: Which is primary and which is overall? The Ivo decision seems to show that crossbones are the primary and the skull is the overall. There is an issue of identifiability with the two charges of the same tincture. In a May 2000 ruling, the submission of Olaf Blodhøx was returned ...a bend sinister argent, overall a bull's skull argent. for the following reason: "A complex overall charge must not share the same tincture as the ordinary it is surmounting." The crossbones are not an ordinary, and a rounded human skull seems less "complex" than a bull's skull.] A ruling in February 1996 for a submission by Dafydd ap Morgan ap Gwydion [considering ...two swords each surmounted by a tankard argent...] was commented on by Laurel: "The tankards, being of the same tincture as the swords, tend to become confused with them visually, making identifiability problematical. (See RfS VII.7.a.) That being the case, they cannot truly count as the addition of another group of charges, but are as a modification to the swords." This would suggest that the primary charge is the crossbones and that the skull is a niggly bit added to it, but still permitted, albeit reducing identifiability. If that's the case, there are only two primary charge groups (the bones and the badger), which is permitted and is not seen as slot-machine heraldry and which is upheld in the January 2002 Ivo decision.
4. Belen bat Kedar: NEW NAME
The name is constructed in the Hebrew fashion, "Belen daughter of Kedar."
Belen is the submitter's legal middle name. It is not her given name, and a quick scan of the web fails to bring up Belen as anything near a period feminine given name (I suspect that it is a family name/surname). However, internal commentators found similar Jewish feminine names in Mainz, Germany: Beila d.1096 and Belet c. 1182-1195. These are found in Julie Stampnitzky's "Names from Hebrew Chronicles of the 10th to 13th Centuries" ( http://www.yucs.org/~jules/names/crusades.html ). Belor and Bellanette are found in Juliana's "Jews in Catalonia: 1250 to 1400" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/catalan-jews/ ). Belin, from 1348, is found in "Jewish Given Names Found in Les Noms Des Israélites en France," Aryanhwy merch Catmael ( http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/levy/ ), which is very close to Belen; we don't know how much "Jewishness" might have been lost to the French culture surrounding it.
Kedar is one of the sons of Ishmael, found in Genesis 25:13; Aryanhwy comments that there is little evidence that Jews used random Biblical names, so the fact that Kedar shows up in the Bible is poor evidence for medieval usage. Biblical names, on the other hand, have been a fairly open source for submitters, and I'm loath to restrict this pool now.
The submitter is most interested in the sound of the name.
5. Belen bat Kedar: NEW DEVICE
Per fess enarached sable and azure, two cinquefoils argent pierced azure and an owl rising argent.
6. Catriona of Kyntail: CHANGE OF HOLDING NAME from "Catriona of Twin Moons", by Laurel, December 1999
The submitter's original name submission, Catriona MacKenzie of Kintail, was returned by Laurel for the following reason: "As one of the seats of the McKenzies was Kintail, by long standing precedent, using McKenzie of Kintail is presumptuous. Catriona did not allow major changes, therefore we must return the name." Dropping one of these elements resolves the presumption issue.
Catriona is a variant of the more common spelling Caitríona, the Irish borrowing of the name Catherine; the Scottish Gaels (Ó Corráin and Maguire, s.n. Caitríona, cited in Academy of Saint Gabriel Report 2281, http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2281+0 ),
Kyntail (shown with this spelling) is a town in Scotland and can be found on a map by Gerhard Mercator (1512-1594), imprint 1595 ( http://www.nls.uk/digitallibrary/map/early/scotland.cfm?id=132 ). The submitter is most interested in language/culture of the name.
7. Dougal Stewart: NEW NAME
The name is Anglicized Scots Gaelic. The elements are found in "Names from Papers Relating to the Murder of the Laird of Calder," compiled by Gretchen Beck ( http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~grm/calder.html). The names in this compilation come from the very late 16th C. (1591-1596). Many of the people named in the document are Gaelic speakers and at least one document was a disposition given in Gaelic and transcribed in Scots. In these citations, the masculine given name is spelled as Dougall, and the single -l Dougal has been registered as recently as 2000 by the College of Arms.
The surname Stewart is found with this spelling in the same citation. The submitter is most interested in the sound of the name and will not accept major changes to the submission.
8. Dufen Eyðimörkingr: NEW NAME
The name is Icelandic/Old Norse.
Dufan is a masculine Old Norse name found in Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name, p. 9; it first appears in the Íslendingqsogur. The use of the varient Dufen is request due to the fact is this is how the name was spelling on the submitter's Award of Arms Scroll (I've explained that this is only a promissary text, but I don't mind commentary on the spelling variant by the College).
The byname means "man from the wilderness." Eyðimörk is Old Icelandic for "desert, wilderness" (Geir Zoëga, A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1910, p. 119). The suffis -ingr is used in period constructions meaning "man from"; compare such words as breiðfirðingr (man from Broad-Fjord), hjatlendingr (Shetlander), and sælendingr (Sealander, Dane), all taken from Geirr Bassi's The Old Norse Name. The submitter is interested in a 10-13th C. Icelandic name.
9. Eleanor Cleavely: NEW DEVICE
Per fess azure and sable, a harp Or strung argent and a lion dormant Or.
The name was registered February 2000.
10. Iona Putnikova: NEW NAME
The name is Russian. Iona is a feminine given name, dated to 1356, in "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names (and some of their Slavic roots)," Paul Wickenden of Thanet ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/paul/ ). The byname is an attempt to create the feminine form for putnik, "traveller, wanderer" (Romanov's Russian-English, English-Russian Dictionary, Pocket Books, NY, 1972, p. 196), taken from the previously-registered name Mikhail Andreyevich Putnikov, "Michael son of Andrew the Wanderer." Paul Wickenden's article also includes the masculine given name Putnik (1446). She wants the name to mean "Iona the Wanderer," so a patronymic less desired than a simple "occupational" descriptive of the individual.
11. Iona Putnikova: NEW DEVICE
Or, an octopus and a gore vert.
12. Jacques Beauchamp: NEW DEVICE
Per pale sable and argent, a pall between three ermine spots, all counterchanged.
The name was registered December 1993.
13. Lasair Ruad: NEW NAME
The name is Irish Gaelic. Lasair is a feminine given name (the earlier form being Lassar) found in O Corrain and Maguire, p. 121; S. Gabriel notes that it is a late-medieval spelling of Lassar (report 1393), which didn't persist into the later Middle Ages as did a similar name, Lassar Fhina or Lasairfhíona.
The byname Ruad, "red," is cited in "Choosing an Irish Name," Cateline de la Mor la Souriete; one site for this paper is http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/irishnam.html, which doesn't work for me. However, the hard copy of the paper comments: "There are other forms of Irish bynames, including epithets, occupational name and locatives...A color might be added to describe a person's hair or complexion. Maine with the red hair might be called Maine Ruad." Moreover, several uses of color descriptives (notably Ruad) with no other descriptive elements or patronymics are found with the registration of the names Cainnear Rúad (February 1999), Ceara Ruad (December 2000), and Sáerlaith Rúad (August 1995). Ruad is also found in Black's Surnames of Scotland, s.n. Roy, pg. 702, which is probably the better documentation for the byname.
The submitter is most interested in language/culture of the name.
14. Lasair Ruad: NEW DEVICE
Argent, a horse passant gules within an orle vert.
15. Sundragon, Barony of: NEW BADGE
Per fess azure and gules, four wolves' teeth issuant from sinister all within a bordure Or.
The name of the Barony was registered September 1984.
16. Syele von der Rosen: NEW NAME
The name is German. Syele is found in "15th-Century German Women's Names," Talan Gwynek ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/docs/german15f.html ). The byname is found in Bahlow, s.n. Rose, p. 466, with an Ulrich von der Rosen documented in Munich, 1481. The submitter was consulted by S. Gabriel, and a copy of correspondence is forwarded to Laurel (report 1169).
17. Syele von der Rosen: NEW DEVICE
Per pale sable and gules, a pale of four lozenges Or, each charged with a rose proper, between in chief an increscent and a decrescent Or.
The blazon is modified from that of Walter de Clare, registered November 2001, Per fess gules and sable, a fess of three lozenges ermine. This might also be blazoned following that of Rafaella Violante de Lorraine, registered February 1997, Per pale vert and azure, a pale fusilly ermine, hence Per pale sable and gules, a pale lozengy Or charged with four roses proper between...
18. Tatiana Laski Krakowska: NEW DEVICE
Per saltire argent and azure, six mullets argent.
The name was registered September 2000.
19. Temur Khana: NEW NAME
The name is Mongolian, "Iron Wall." Temur, "iron," and Khana, "wall," are found on p. 118 and p. 275 respectively of The Concise English-Mongolian Dictionary (Hangin, Indiana University Publications, Vol. 89, 1970). Mongols didn't use surname, but rather used an overall name such as Qari Tuqa, "Twenty Bulls" and Mongke Temur, "Eternal Iron" ("On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names," Baras-aghur Naran, http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/baras-aghur/mongolian.html ).
I do not think that the name element conflicts with the title Khan, and the term I've found for the Khan's female consort is Khantun. The submitter is most interested in meaning of the name, and wishes a 12th-14th C. Mongolian name.
20. Temur Khana: NEW DEVICE
Gules, a ram's head erased within nine lozenges in annulo argent.
The submitted blazon doesn't entirely describe the orientation of the lozenges, but we weren't certain how to note that their long axes are pointed outwards. There was some suggestion that, considering the TSCA motif of creatures in annulo, that this is the default for all charges in annulo-if they were upright it would probably be blazoned as an annulet of lozenges.
21. Vladimir Dragos syn: NEW NAME
The name is Russian. Vladimir is a Russian masculine given name, dating back to 1053 and with a whole bunch of variants.
Dragos is a Russian masculine given name dating to 1208. Both are found in "Dictionary of Period Russian Names (and some of their Slavic roots)," Paul Wickenden of Thanet, http://www.sca.org/heraldry/paul/ ).
Vladimir Dragos syn is found in the same source as a means of showing the patronymic without modifying the father's name; syn, "son".
I was assisted in the preparation of this Letter of Intent by Aryanhwy merch Catmael; Brendan mac Artuir; Da'ud ibn Auda; Knute; Maridonna Benvenuti; and Robin of Rhovanion.
This letter contains 9 new names, 9 new devices, 2 new badges, and 1 change of holding name. This is a total of 20 items, 19 of them new. A check to cover fees will be sent separately.
In a separate armorial matter, an internal commenter has requested that the blazons of the following individuals be adjusted in the online Ordinary, so that the current CoA standard of counterermine is used; he (and I) believe that conflict-checking could be expedited a bit by changing some of this obsolete terminology. For your consideration:
Leanne de Bayeux - August of 1979 (via Caid): Ermines, a doe's head couped at the shoulder argent, gorged of a collar engrailed azure, holding in its mouth a lily, slipped and stalked or.
Liane O'Day - November of 1977: Per pale azure and ermines, a great horned owl [Bubo virginianus]affronty, grasping in its dexter talon a scroll, argent, in dexter chief an estoile Or.
Rhydderich Hael, Barony of the - November of 1979 (via the East): Ermines, a base argent, overall a dragon segreant Or.
Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy
c/o Linda Miku
2527 East 3rd Street; Tucson AZ 85716
Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland.
Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name.
MacLysaght, E. The Surnames of Ireland. Dublin, Irish Academic Press, 1991.
Miller, B., and K. Munday. The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry, 2nd Edition, 1992.
Ó Corráin, Donnchadh and Fidelma Maguire. Irish Names.
Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames, 2nd Edition, 1976, reprinted 1979.
Withycombe, E.G., The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, 3rd Edition. London, Oxford University Press, 1977.