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Kingdom of Atenveldt
Heraldic Submissions Page

(administered by the Brickbat Herald)

1 March 2001, A.S. XXXV

Kingdom of Atenveldt

Unto Their Royal Majesties Johnathan and Etain; Lady Isabel d'Avron, Aten Principal Herald; the Heralds in the Atenveldt College of Heralds; and to All Whom These Presents Come,

Greetings from Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy, Brickbat Herald!

This is the March 2001 internal Atenveldt Letter of Intent. It precedes the external LoI that will contain the following submissions, asking questions of submitters and local heralds who have worked with them; if these questions are not addressed, the submission may be returned by the Atenveldt College of Heralds. You are encouraged to comment upon these submissions, whatever your experience level. Please have your comments to me on the submissions being considered for the 1April LoI by 25 March. I accept online commentary:

Aten Principal Herald: Hopefully, you are all aware that there is a new Acting Aten Principal Herald, Lord Kedivor Tal ap Cadugon. His mailing address is James Johnson, P.O. Box 25323, Phoenix AZ 85002. His e-mail is

Estrella War Consultation Table: You've no doubt will guess by the size of this letter, the consultation table was a success. I wish to especially thank Master Roger, who toughed it out all weekend with a lot of out-of-kingdom heralds (from Caid, Artemesia, the Outlands, Meridies, An Tir, and the Laurel Queen of Arms herself), to make the consulting job much easier. Thanks also to the Estrella staff who provided us with a nice pavilion to stash A LOT of references and who gave us enough chairs and tables (and water!).

There was also a surprising number of "regular" submissions this month, so we have an embarrassment of heraldic riches to wade through, too. Most of the submissions will appear in the 1 March 2001 Atenveldt LoI, bypassing the one-month desire for internal commentary; HOWEVER, please read the commentary on those submissions, as that is what will accompany the submissions on the external LoI.

Local Herald File Copies: A number of the local offices will be receiving copies of submissions from their local submitters that were accepted at the War. Please file them in your archives. There will also probably be a few letters of notification that are being sent out; they, too, should go into your submission archives.

Submissions Website: You can send electronic commentary on the most recent internal LoIs through the site, in addition to any questions you might have. Please let your local populace know about the site, too:

Please consider the following submissions for inclusion in the 1 April 2001 Atenveldt Letter of Intent (if there are problems with the submissions-and in several cases, there are, with my calling possible conflicts-I'd like your opinions of my calls, and if you have the ability to see the submitter and tell him/her of the problem and seek a possible solution before the end of March so a "fix" can be made, please do so!):

Ariston Aile du Faucon (Ered Sul): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Argent, a bend sinister vert between an eagle displayed and a pheon inverted.

Ariston is stated to be a Roman consul living during Trajan's reign (p. 453, Biographie Universelle Ancienne et Moderne, Vol. 2, paris, 1811). However, this documentation shows that the individual's praenomen (first or given name) was Titus, so using Ariston in this fashion is, barring documentation that Ariston was used as a given name in period, like that of using a surname in its place. Aile du Faucon means "falcon's wing," which probably doesn't work as a byname; several Middle English nicknames use hawk in them (Hawkeye-for one with sharp sight; Hawkhead-for a person with a hawk's head, most likely a large, hooked nose), but Dauzat shows no French byname with Aile as part of it. Dauzat has a number of falcon-derived bynames: Faucon, Falc, Falcon, Fauconnet, Fauconnier. Any of these would be a much better choice of byname; remember that in period, names, even bynames, tended to be pragmatic and to the point, rather than poetic-if a person were swift, as though he had the wings of a falcon, this would be understood, merely to refer to him as Falcon.

Brianna Fey (Atenveldt): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, August 1996

Vert, a chevron sable fimbriated between two lions salient combattant Or, and flames gules issuant from a goblet Or.

The submitter's registered name is Brianna Fey Whitewolfe, registered December 1996. If she wishes to drop an element of her registered name, this requires a formal new name change.

This is a complete redesign of her previous device submission. Unfortunately, it does seem to be in conflict with Fiona O'Morain: Vert, a chevron sable fimbriated between three estoiles Or. There is no difference for the field or the primary charge. There is one Clear Difference for the changes to the secondary charge groups (lions and chalice vs. estoiles). Were the secondaries of Brianna's armory identical, this could be clear by virtue of RfS X.2.c. Armory that has only a primary group of identical charges, accompained only by a secondary group of identical charges, is simple armory. (I think that if all the secondaries were identical, such as three goblets with flames, this might be clear of Fiona's armory.) If the submitter likes the charges and tinctures shown, she might consider a chevron inverted with the goblet in chief and the lions in base (the lions might have to be jostled a bit to make them look good around a chevron inverted).

Helena of Siren's Moon (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Azure, a crescent argent surmounted by a nude red-headed woman, arms upraised, proper, winged Or.

The name is not documentable as to period byname construction, even as an inn sign (I could accept The Siren or The Moon as an inn sign). She might be able to get Siren/atte Siren, based on the inn-sign construction rule. (I am working with her on the name.)

Winged critters in period were either winged with eagle's wings (feathers) or bat wings. These wings need to be delineated more as one or the other, rather that this almost art-deco depiction. This might be in conflict with Morgan MacDonald MacCrae: Azure, a crescent argent, overall an arrow palewise inverted Or. There is a difference in one of the primary charges, since in both designs there are two co-primaries, but since none has simple primaries (ie, ordinaries), I am worried about how much diffence is provided --my feeling is one CD only, the woman vs. the arrow. Might she consider adding a semy to the field (but not an ermine variant), or dividing the field (perhaps Per pale azure and sable)?

Isabel du Lac d'Azur (Atenveldt): NEW BADGE

(fieldless) Three thistles conjoined in pall inverted proper.

The name was registered July 1996.

This is in direct conflict with Andreanna Innes: (Fieldless) Three thistles in pall inverted, slipped, leaved and joined at the stems, proper. Might she consider the badge in a completely different tincture?

Kedivor Tal ap Cadugon (Atenveldt): BADGE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, July 2000

(fieldless) A tyger passant argent enflamed azure, upon a flame azure.

A flame is too complex a charge to fimbriate, the only way that this design can be blazoned (A flame azure fimbriated and charged with a tyger passant argent.) to avoid making this look like excessive layering. He might've considered (Fieldless) A flame azure charged with a tyger passant argent., but this conflicts with Arontius of Bygelswade: (Fieldless) On a flame azure a quill pen argent. There is 1 CD for fieldlessness but not two differences in the tertiary...only difference in type (pen vs. tyger).

If the tyger were enflamed in the period manner, like an heraldic salamander, with "tufts" of blue flame coming out at various points of the body...I THINK he might be able to get (fieldless) A tyger passant argent, enflamed azure. Very period.

The following submissions appear in the 1 March 2001 Atenveldt Letter of Intent:

Actaeus Holt-Säte (Burning Sands): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per saltire argent and gules, a rattlesnake erect and coiled contourny sable.

Actaeus is the name of the first king (assumed to be a human being) of Attic (p. 8, Lempriere Classical Dictionary). Holt-säte means "wood-dweller" (p. 256, Bahlow, Edda Gentry (trans.), Dictionary of German Names, under "Holst").

Against Viryavan ca Tusnim (Argent, a cobra affronty erect, tail and body doubly nowed, sable scaly Or, hooded sable.), there is 1 CD for field difference and 1 CD for orientation of the the serpents (Viryavan's cobra is "sitting" in its coils, which are near the base of the shield; Laurel will probably wish to compare blazons). The scaly treatment of the cobra might also be a consideration.

Adrienne Noël de Lorraine (Granite Mountain): NEW NAME

The name is French. Adrienne is the French feminine form of the given name Adrian (Withycombe, p. 5); it is also the submitter's legal given name. Noël is a French given name and also a patronymic (Dauzat, p. 452); the submitter was born on Christmas Day, and according to Withycombe, Noel was fairly common the in Middle Ages in England from 1200-it, like Easter and Midwinter, were once given names that reflected the birth dates of those bearing it (p. 220). Lorraine is a French province.

Alexander le Browere (Atenveldt): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, July 1999

Per pale sable and vert, a serpent involved in annulo Or.

The name was registered November 1993.

This is identical to the submitter's previous submission, which was returned for conflict with Vladimir Vitalievich Volkov: Per pale argent ermined purpure and purpure an annulet Or. Alexander has located Vladimir and obtained the gentleman's permission to conflict; copies of the permission are forwarded to Laurel.

Amya Flanagan (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Amya is dated to 1273, a form of Amy (pp. 20-21, Withycombe). Flanagan is an Anglicized form of (O) Flanagan (pp. 110-111, MacLysaght).

Gules, on a pale cotised argent two fir trees vert.

Aoife an Faol Brénainn (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per saltire gules and vert, in pale two wolves' heads cabossed and in fess two paw prints argent.

The name is Irish. Aiofe is a "modern" form of the ancient Irish feminine given name Aífe (p. 16, Ó Córrain and Maguire). Faol is the Irish word for "wolf," perhaps given to a person with a wild or savage temperament. Brénainn is a masculine given name, borrowed from the Welsh word for "prince"; the more modern form is Bréanainn (p. 34, Ó Córrain and Maguire). As the submitter would like to have an 11-12th C. Irish name, it seems that the form is more correct as Aífe Fhaol inghean Bhrénainn, leniting/softening some of the consonant sounds of the bynames and showing relationship of the daughter to the father.

Arabella Thorne (Sundragon): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, a plume gules between flaunches purpure.

The name is English. Arabella is dated to 1255 (p. 29, Withycombe). Thorne is an undated form of Thorn, which is found dated to 1206 (p. 444, Reaney and Wilson, under "Thorn").

Consider Elspeth the Seamstress of Dunkeld, (Or, two needles in saltire sable between flaunches purpure.).We believe this is clear by RfS X.2.c. Armory that has only a primary group of identical charges, accompanied only by a secondary group of identical charges, is simple armory.

Caiterína of Ballyhooly (Sundragon): NEW DEVICE

Vert, a hurst of fir trees within a bordure of trefoils argent.

The name appears in the 1 February 2001 Atenveldt Letter of Intent.

After much agonizing, we decided to send this up for the CoA's opinion, whether a hurst of fir trees is clearly different from a hurst of blasted birch trees, seen in the armory of Wyndylyn Leanb na Doinneann's badge, Vert, a hurst of blasted birch trees argent. There is 1 CD for the addition of the trefoils, but I don't know that the blasting of the trees will provide the necessary second CD.

Camilla Maria Hazelwood (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, a chameleon vert perched upon a threaded needle bendwise sinister inverted sable, a bordure invected vert.

The name is English. Camilla is found in a 1205 Curia Regis Roll (p. 57, Withycombe); it is also a saint's name, with the abbess Camilla Varani dying in 1527 (p. 186, A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints, F.G. Holwek, B. Herder Book Co., St. Louis, 1924). Maria is dated to 1203-10 (pp. 211-2, Withycombe, under "Mary"). Hazelwood is undated but is a later form of Haselwod, dated to 1332 (p. 171, Reaney and Wilson).

The submitter provides documentation that supports the fact that not only did Europeans know about chameleons in period, but that Alessandro Farnese (Pope Paul III), c. 1529, used a chameleon on his arms (pp. 99-100, Historic Devices, Badges and War-Cries, Mrs. Bury Palliser, Gale Research Company, Detroit, 1971).

Cecelya le Nadlere (Sundragon): NEW NAME

The name is English. Cecelya is a 1303 dated form of Cecilia (p. 61, Withycombe). Le Nadlere is dated to 1309, "a maker of needles" (p. 249, Reaney and Wilson, under "Needler").

Ciarán Breathnach (Twin Moons): NEW NAME

The name is Irish. Ciarán is a masculine given name, used by more than a dozen Irish saints (p. 51, Ó Corráin and Maguire; p. 175, Woulfe, Irish Names and Surnames, Irish Genealogical Foundation, Kansas City MO, 1992). The byname means "Welshman," a surname generically applied to early Anglo-Norman invaders from Wales (pp. 231-2, Woulfe). The submitter wants the name registered in Irish Ogham (essentially, the Old Irish alphabet); however, the College of Arms registers only English transliterations of names-how a submitter chooses to write a registered name (Ogham for Old Irish, Cyrillic for Russian, Arabic for Saracenic names, and so on), is completely up to him/her.

Czendes Sadany (Twin Moons): NEW DEVICE

The name was registered January 1998.

Azure, a dragonfly Or, a chief embattled argent.

There are a number of "close calls," but this appears to be free of conflict.

Darius Xavier Drake (Atenveldt): NEW NAME

Darius is the name of several Persian kings (pp. 379-380, Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, Vol. III, Chicago, EB Inc., 1977). Xavier is a Spanish (perhaps Basque) surname, most closely associated with Francis Xavier, a Catholic missionary to the India and the East Indies; he died in 1552 and was canonized in 1622 (Webster's Biographical Dictionary). Drake is an English surname dated c. 1300 (p. 107, Reaney and Wilson). This might be acceptable as a late period English name, with the double surname and a classical reference to the given name, or with Xavier adopted as a confirmation name (although it seems one would adopt the saint's entire name). The submitter will accept no changes.

Ealasaid nic Suibhne and Robert de Bere (Atenveldt): NEW BADGE, jointly-held

Gules, a sea-lion erect argent tailed Or.

The names were registered June 1995 and October 2000, respectively.

Consider Boneth of Glenarvon: Per saltire counter-ermine and azure, a sea-lion rampant regardant argent. There is 1 CD for differences in the field and 1 CD for changing half of the tincture of the sole primary charges. Rampant and erect (for sea-creatures) is the same posture; no differences are counted for head orientations.

Eoghan MacFhearguis (Ered Sul): NEW DEVICE

Or, two dragons involved in annulo vert, winged sable.

The name was registered July 1998.

Fergus MacInnes (Sundragon): NEW NAME

Fionnbharr Conchobhar na Mathanan (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Azure, four claymores interlaced as a fret inverted, interlaced by a fifth inverted, Or.

The name is Irish. Fionnbharr is a "modern" form of a masculine given name Finnbarr (p. 101, O Corrain and Maguire). Conchobhar is a "modern" form of the masculine name Conchobar (p. 57, ibid). Mathanan means "the bear," a reference to the submitter's large, bear-like size. As he desires a 11-12th C. Irish name, this might be more correct as Finnbarr na Mathanan mac Chonchobar. (Attempts at forming correct Irish construction follow examples in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names ," Draft 3rd Edition, Sharon L. Krossa,

Four Mountains, Incipient Shire of the (Chinle, Many Farms, Window Rock, AZ): NAME and DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Kingdom, December 2000

Argent, on a bend cotised azure, four mountains couped palewise argent, in sinister chief a laurel wreath vert.

A populace consent form was obtained at the War.

Gabrielle la Broderesse (Burning Sands): NEW NAME

The name is French. Gabrielle is the feminine form of the masculine given name Gabriel (p. 273, Dauzat). la Broderesse is found in "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris," by Colm Dubh (; that citation does not capitalize broderesse.

Gil Gareth the Greywolf (Atenveldt): NEW DEVICE

Azure, a wolf's head cabossed between three compass stars argent.

The name appears in the 1 January 2001 Atenveldt Letter of Intent.

Consider Gianlupo delle Bande Nere, Azure, a wolf's head cabossed argent, in chief three poplar trees couped Or. This might be just clear, with 2 CD's for changes to the secondary charges' type and tincture. However, this is in conflict with Isolde Baird: Azure, a wolf's head cabossed between two flaunches argent., and Antoinette Saint Clair: Azure, a wolf's head cabossed within an orle of lozenges argent. However, I would think that Antoinette's and Isolde's armories should've conflicted with each other, so this might be clear. Robin comments that there is sufficient difference derived from secondary charges, 1 CD for type (compass stars vs. trees, flaunchs, and lozenges) and either 1 CD for tincture (argent vs. Or) or for number (three vs. a pair or "many").

Giliana Spencer de Windermere (Sundragon): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Quarterly argent and azure on a bend sable between two roses, four roses argent.

The name is English. Giliana is dated to 1194 in Reaney and Wilson ("Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames," by Talan Gwynek, Spencer is dated to 1275 (p. 420, Reaney and Wilson). De Windermere is found in Ekwall's Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names, p. 522.

Consider Abigail Pinel (Quarterly argent and azure, on a bend sable between two domestic cats sejant argent three fleurs-de-lys palewise Or.)

Gudrun Bogsveigir (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Quarterly gules and azure, a wolf's head erased and a bordure argent.

The name is Old Norse. Gudrun is found on p. 10 of Geirr Bassi; Bogsveigir is found in the same source, p. 20.

Consider Yo-nan Böri Uigurli: Quarterly sable and azure, a wolf's head couped contourny and a

bordure argent. There should be 1 CD for the field and 1 CD for the orientation of the wolf's head.

Hrefna Karsefni (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per pale Or ermined purpure, and purpure, a feather argent.

The name is Old Norse. Hrefna is a woman's given name, found on p. 11 of Geirr Bassi. Karlsefni is found on p. 24 of the same source; while it means "man's-equal" or "he-man," it doesn't seem to extraordinary for a strong one (both physically or temperamentally) might not be considered a male's match.

Jean François Marceau de Valcourt (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, a rapier bendwise sinister purpure, a bordure purpure, semy-de-lys, bases to center, Or.

Jean and François are the French forms of John and Francis (Withycombe, pp.178-9 and 120-1, respectively).

Marceau is listed under Marcel in Dauzat, p. 414. I cannot tell if it stands as a given name, like Marcel, which it is apparently related to, or if this is the means by which a surname/patronymic is made from Marceau. If it is the latter, than the name needs a given name element added to it. (This is the preferred "given" name of the submitter, and I will ask that if Marceau can be demonstrated as a period given name, that the name is registered as Marceau de Valcourt.) Valcourt is found under Val, p. 584, as a locative.

Jean Pierre Détoile (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per pale sable and argent, two eight-pointed estoiles counterchanged.

Jean and Pierre are the French forms of John and Peter (Withycombe, pp. 178-9 and 243, respectively). Détoile is a French surname, found under Etoile (Dauzat, p. 242).

John Turner of Kingsbridge (Atenveldt): NEW DEVICE

Azure, on a bend sinister gules fimbriated between six wheels three goats passant palewise Or.

The name appears in the 1 September 2000 Atenveldt LoI.

While this might appear busy, the arrangement of identical secondaries around the ordinary (bend sinister) is classic armory. This is lovely in color!

Juliana McBride (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and BADGE

Azure, a hare rampant Or sustaining an arrow inverted argent.

Juliana is dated to 1196-1220 (p. 184, Withycombe). McBride is an acceptable variant of MacBride (p. 460, Black).

Katerina d'Amboise (Atenveldt): NEW NAME

Katerina is dated to 1299 ("Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames," Talan Gwynek, Amboise is a town in the northern Berry region of France, east of Tours (France in the Making, Jean Dunbabin, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1985).

Lleoffled Willoughby (Granite Mountain): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Lozengy argent and sable, on a pile vert a willow tree eradicated Or.

The name is English Lefled , from the OE Léofflæd, can be dated to 1209 ("Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames," by Talan Gwynek, The article does not demonstrate this exact spelling. I couldn't find it as a Welsh name, either (which are notorious for the double l's). It would seem to me that choosing the Lefled spelling is more accurate, as it is demonstrable (also, the double l of Welsh has a very different pronunciation when pronounced correctly, more of a hw-). Willoughby is dated to 1449 as a locative surname (Reaney and Wilson, p. 385).

Since the lines of division extend from the corners of the shield, rather that in a short distance from the corners and issuing from chief, this is not a charged pile, but rather a chausse field division (while this alters the blazon, both are so similar that they are considered identical for conflict checking). This looks similar to Finn Silverfox, Vert, chausse chequy argent and sable, a fox dormant argent. As a pile, there is a difference in primary charges (fox vs. pile) and a difference for the addition of the tertiary charge (the willow tree). Against the badge for the Order of the Willow, Purpure, a willow tree Or., there is 1 CD for the field (lozengy vs. purpure), 1 CD for the primary charges (pile vs. tree), and the addition of the tertiary.

Madok the Strong (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per bend sinister sable and lozengy gules and argent, in dexter chief three bulls heads cabossed argent.

Madok is a popular masculine given name in Welsh ("A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names," Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, "The strong" is a descriptive epithet.

Manus Syme (Twin Moons): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Quarterly Or and vert, a cross argent, in dexter chief three cinquefoils one and two vert, a chief embattled per pale vert and Or.

Manus is a modern form of the Irish masculine name Magnus (p. 132, Ó Corráin and Maguire, under "Magnus"). Syme is a modern form of the Scottish surname Sym, which is seen in1503 AD in the documented name John Sym (p. 727, Black, under "Sim").

Morwenna teg y Caernarvon (Twin Moons): NEW NAME

The name is Welsh. Morwenna is found in Withycombe, p. 223. teg, "fair," is found in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's "Welsh Miscellany," of the Compleat Anachronist series, #66, p. 32. Caernarvon is Welsh town that grew up around a castle build by Edward I. Y, "the," seems to be misplaced here-according to "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)," also by Tangwystyl, place-names appear by themselves without any connector like "of".

Muireann ingen Thighearnáin (Twin Moons ): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per bend sinister azure and vert, a bow reversed argent.

The name is Irish. Muireann is found in undated but in use by 830 AD as Muirenn (p. 141, Ó Corráin and Maguire). Thighearnáin is found in MacLysaght, p. 179, under "Kiernan." Given the early occurrence of the byname, it might've been a little more accurate to use the older version of the given name, but we'll send it up as is. The submitter's legal surname is Kiernan, and her chosen patronymic is an Old Irish form of that name-very nice choice!

This is close to Erica Gealbogha (Vert, a bow argent, strung Or.). There is 1 CD for field difference and 1 CD for orientation of the bow (default vs. reversed). As Erica registered through Atenveldt, we were able to check the files and see that the bows are in fact facing in opposite directions.

Odo Drake (Atenveldt): NEW NAME

The name is English. Odo is dated to 1067-71 (p. 231, Withycombe). Drake is dated c. 1300 (p. 107, Reaney and Wilson).

Pawel Ptasznik (Twin Moons): NEW BADGE, jointly owned with Melisande Ptasznik

(fieldless) A squirrel rampant vair.

The names were registered October 1992 and June 1998, respectively.

Rhys ap Gwylym Tatershal (Ered Sul): NAME CHANGE, from Rhys ap Gwylym

The gentleman's original name is in conflict with Rhys ap Gwilym (registered August 1998); however, the conflict was not caught, and the Rhys from Atenveldt's name was registered in July 1999. He is adding Tatershal (as is seen in the name of his father, Gwylym ab Owain Tatershal), to avoid this confusion with the gentleman from An Tir. Thank you very much!

Rowan of the Titans (Sundragon): NEW NAME CHANGE from Rowan O Curry

The submitter is releasing her currently registered name and adopting the byname of her husband, Denis of the Titans. His Excellency includes permisssion for her to use his byname, and this should be permitted under RfS II.5 Registered Names - Once a name has been registered to an individual or group, the College of Arms may permit that particular individual or group to register elements of that name again, even if it is no longer permissible under the rules in effect at the time the later submission is made.

Sean Holden (Atenveldt): DEVICE RESUBMISSION from Laurel, July 2000

Argent, a woodenHalifax Gibbet proper, bladed sable.

The name was registered July 2000.

The original submission was returned for depicting a beheading device in a non-period manner; it was noted by the CoA that guillotine-style machines are permissible in medieval form such as the Halifax Gibbet. The Halifax Gibbet, with its straight blade, appears to be contemporary with the time of Edward III's reign, 1327-1377, and the description of a similar device used in Ireland dates to 1307 (A History of the Guillotine, Alister Kershaw, Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1993).

Tacye Okelly (Ered Sul): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Purpure, two chevronels and on a chief argent, three irises purpure.

Tacye is a 16th C. Welsh feminine given name (found as Tacy in "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)," by Tangwystyl verch Morgan Glasvryn, html. The spelling Tacye is found in Withycombe, p. 274. A History of Surnames in the British Isles, by C. L'Estrange Ewen (Kegan Paul, Trench, Truber and Co., Ltd., Detroit, 1931), gives Okelly as a Welsh byname, meaning "of the grove" (p. 126).

Tavotai Koghunnoxaiyin (Tir Ysgithr): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Per fess Or and gules, an enfield rampant counterchanged.

The name is Mongolian. Tavotai was found in a GEO Magazine article that interviewed Mongolian peoples; it is most likely a spelling variant of Tabudai, a given name meaning "fifth" (as in birth order), found in "Mongolian Naming Practices," by Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy; it is also the submitter's legal middle name. The byname means "son of a dog" (koghun, "son"; noxai, "dog"; -yin, genitive/possessive ending for nouns ending in a vowel, like noxai), p. 12, An Introduction to Classical (Literary) Mongolian, Kaare Grønbech and J.R. Krueger, Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1976. One method of Mongolian byname construction is to give a child an insulting or uncomplimentary name, protecting him from evil spirits.

Thomas MacPherson (Atenveldt): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Argent, semy of billets gules, three trowels sable.

Thomas is dated for 1112 (p. 266, Withycombe, 2nd edition). MacPherson is dated to 1420 (p. 557, Black).

Tomaso de Floreano (Sundragon): NEW NAME and DEVICE

Or, in bend sinister a wooden mallet bendwise inverted proper, and a wood-handled chisel bendwise proper, bladed argent and blade to base, a bordure sable.

The name is Italian; Tomaso is a shown spelling variant of Tommaso, the Italian form of Thomas (p. 344, De Felice, Dizionario Dei Nomi Italiani). The byname is found on p. 126 of De Felice's Dizionario Dei Cognomi Italiani; h hopes that the byname means "the Florentine". He is most interested that the byname, as a reference to Florence, uses the Flor- form rather than the Firenz- form.

Ysabella Scarlet (Atenveldt): NEW NAME

The name is English. Isabella is dated to 1199 (p. 164, Withycombe); the substitution of -i- to -y- is reasonable in English names, and it has been registered by the CoA as recently as July 1998. Scarlet is dated to 1185 in Reaney and Wilson (p. 308).

The following submissions were returned by the Atenveldt College of Heralds, March 2001:

Ciara inghaen uí Bheithir (Sundragon): NEW DEVICE (Paly wavy vert and sable, in pale a dolmen and two unicorns combattant argent.)

RETURNED for violation with RfS. VIII.2.b.iv. "Elements evenly divided into multiple parts of two different tinctures must have good contrast between their parts. For example, checky argent and gules is acceptable, but checky azure and gules is not."

Isabeau della Farfalla (Sundragon): NEW BADGE (Per pale embowed and counterembowed gules and azure, an otter rampant argent.)

RETURNED for violation of RfS VIII.3. "Armorial Identifiability - Elements must be used in a design so as to preserve their individual identifiability. Identifiable elements may be rendered unidentifiable by significant reduction in size, marginal contrast, excessive counterchanging, voiding, or fimbriation, or by being obscured by other elements of the design. For instance, a complex line of partition could be difficult to recognize between two parts of the field that do not have good contrast if most of the line is also covered by charges...".

The following Atenveldt submissions were registered by the S.C.A. College of Arms at its November 2000 meeting:

Cadlae inghean uí Sheanacháin. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Cadlae O Seancain, no documentation was provided for the byname. However, MacLysaght, The Surnames of Ireland, under (O) Shannon, has Ó Seanacháin. We have changed the name to match this and put it to a feminine form.

Galen Ó Seanacháin. Name.

Submitted as Galen O Seancain, no documentation was provided for the byname. However, MacLysaght, The Surnames of Ireland, under (O) Shannon, has Ó Seanacháin. We have changed the name accordingly.

Karl Teransson. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and gules, an owl close affronty Or and a bordure argent.

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for order name). (Fieldless) On a pile inverted within and issuant from an annulet sable, in base a mullet of eight points argent.

Submitted as for the Order of the Silver Stars of Mons Tonitrus.

Tehmuginn Burgudjerekh. Name.

Submitted as Teh-Mu-Ginn Burgud Jerekh, the question was raised whether Temugin was a restricted name. However, the March 1998 registration of Timujin Timortologai overturned that precedent after considering new evidence. However, no evidence was given for using hyphens in the transliteration. We have changed the spelling to a likely period one.

The following submissions were returned for further work by the College of Arms, November 2000:

Adriona Nichole la rousse de Beauvoir. Name and device. Purpure, a schnecke issuant from sinister chief argent charged with a rose gules, slipped and leaved vert, in dexter chief and in base two fleurs-de-lys argent.

Adrion is not in the article cited in the LoI. Further, Nichole is only documented from the 13th century, before double given names appeared. As she does not allow us to drop the first given name we have to return this.

There are two reasons for returning the device. First, on the large emblazon the charge in chief was still closer to a rosebud than a rose. Second, as we know of no period examples of schneckes with secondary or tertiary charges, we find the use of both in this device to be two steps beyond period practice. We may allow secondary or tertiary charges with a schnecke, but we doubt that the use of either is period practice.

Cadlae inghean uí Sheanacháin. Device. Gules, on a chalice inverted between two roundels Or a wooden spiked mace inverted proper.

As far as we know, maces were not made entirely of wood; therefore, there is no support for the head being brown. Furthermore, both cups and maces were rarely inverted in period, so inverting both may be excessive.

Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Household name Order of the Silver Stars of Mons Tonitrus.

By the precedent set in the July 1997 LoAR, plural nouns are not allowed in order names. Also, according to RfS V.2.a, names of SCA branches are not descriptive elements; they are therefore invisible when determining whether a conflict exists. This name therefore conflicts with the US military decoration of Silver Star. While we do not intend to protect every military decoration, this is one of the few that is well enough known and prestigious enough to warrant protection.

I remain,

Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy

c/o Linda Miku

2527 East 3rd Street

Tucson AZ 85716


Bardsley, C. W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1967 (from an original 1901 publication).

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland.

O Corrain, Donnchadh and Fidelma Maguire. Irish Names.

MacLysaght, E. The Surnames of Ireland. Dublin, Irish Academic Press, 1991.

Morgan, T. J. and Prys Morgan. Welsh Surnames. Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1985.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames.

Withycombe, E.G., The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, 3rd Edition. London, Oxford University Press, 1977.

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